Littmann Cardiology iv Stethoscope – Best Stethoscopes – Comparison Guide

Finally you have decided to buy a Littmann cardiology IV stethoscope for your clinics but not sure whether it is a good fit for you or not? Right?

Well, it all depends upon the settings you are going to work and the nature of patients you will check because after all research and using it for several years what I can say is that Littmann cardiology 4 stethoscope is an amazing stethoscope to have.

If you are working as PA, EMT or loud noises surrounds your workplace then buying a Littmann cardiology 4 is your best bet. Also, for every cardiologist this a must have tool.

Cardiology 4 stethoscope from Littmann received lot applaud from healthcare community for its acoustic accuracy.

Here are key specifications of Littmann cardiology IV diagnostic stethoscope:

Key Specifications

  • Best for: Cardiologist, ER Nurse & Doctors
  • Chest Piece: Double sided
  • Diaphragm: Tunable on both side of chectpiece
  • Tubing: Dual lumen
  • Weight: 167 & 177 Grams
  • Length: 22″ & 27″

‘Littmann’ – no doubt is the best stethoscope making company across the globe.

It’s not that others are not making the good stethoscopes but Littmann surpasses everyone and leads the market with its precise acoustic accuracy and patented ‘Tunable diaphragm’

Littman is a widely popular stethoscope brand among the healthcare providers across the globe and received huge praise for its top-notch products range.

Not only students but cardiologist, pulmonologist, doctors and nurses loved this stethoscope brand just because of an extraordinary quality, acoustic performance and dual lumen tubes of the stethoscope.

Though Littmann has a wide range of stethoscopes ‘3M™ Littmann® Cardiology IV™ Stethoscope’ remains the #1 choice for healthcare providers.

Main Features

 #1  Sturdy built – The Littmann cardiology iv stethoscope is built using the thicker & stiffer synthetic material for tubing while chest-piece is made from machined stainless steel. Both of these material bring the durability and sturdiness to the stethoscope. Thicker tubing helps to refine unwanted sounds from environment and let the user to concentrate on patients boy sounds.

 #2  Tunable Diaphragms – As like all other stethoscopes from Littmann, this cardiology stethoscope flaunts the tunable diaphragm.

You can easily capture the low & high-frequency heart sound using this technology, you just need to varies the pressure with which you holding the chest piece.

Press lightly to hear sounds with low frequency and apply more pressure to hear the high frequency sounds

 #3  Pediatric diaphragm & open bell – The pediatric diaphragm can be converted into an open bell. Remove the pediatric diaphragm and replace it with non-chill bell sleeve or rim and you have a stethoscope with an open bell.

 #4  Dual lumen tubing – Littmann cardiology 4 stethoscope has single tube that connect chest-piece with headset but this tube has two built-in lumen for better sound transmission. Also, having double lumen in same tube completely reduces the chances of rubbing noise that traditional double tube stethoscope creates.

The Best Littmann Stethoscopes – Comparison Guide

The Best Littmann Stethoscopes - Comparison Guide

Every medical professional who works with patients needs a stethoscope, and Littmann Stethoscopes have been the best in the industry since the 1960’s when David Littmann first revolutionized personal diagnostic equipment.

They have continued to develop under the ownership of the American company 3M, with new features and innovations even today.

Littmann stethoscopes come in a variety of styles, designs, and price points. In this article, we’ll compare the cost to benefit of the most popular models to help you decide which one is right for you.

The Basics of Littmann Stethoscopes

Before you hop right into choosing a Littmann stethoscope, you should understand a bit about how they work, the important parts, and how differences in those parts affect the quality of the stethoscope.

The most important part of a stethoscope is the chest piece. This is the part that goes against the patient’s skin, and it can either be a diaphragm or a bell.

The Best Littmann Stethoscopes - Comparison Guide

A diaphragm has a membrane stretched across a hollow cavity. When the membrane vibrates, it moves the air inside and creates the pressure differences that our ears detect as noise.

Since the area of the membrane is larger than the cross-sectional area of the tube, air has to move farther within the tube and the sound is amplified.

Bells work similarly to diaphragms, but the hollow cavity in a bell has no membrane across it. Traditionally bells are used to listen to low frequency sounds.

Littmann stethoscopes come with 3 different types of chest piece adapter:

  • Tunable Diaphragm – The frequency of the sound heard can be adjusted by changing how hard the chest piece is pressed against the skin. Use low pressure to hear low frequency sounds and high pressure to hear high frequency sounds.
  • Pediatric Diaphragm – A smaller diaphragm that may or may not be tunable depending on the model. The membrane can be removed to turn the pediatric diaphragm into a bell.
  • Bell – Similar to the diaphragm but smaller and without a membrane. The bell is used to hear low frequency sounds.

Stethoscopes can have either a single or double head. A single head has one-tunable diaphragm that is used for everything.

A double headed stethoscope has a regular tunable diaphragm on one side and a bell or pediatric diaphragm on the other side. To switch between sides, swivel the chest piece around 180 degrees. You will hear a click when it locks into the correct orientation.

Only one side of the stethoscope is usable at a time, so don’t try to listen without swiveling the chest piece first!

Although many stethoscopes come with a bell, there is disagreement in the medical community whether bells are useful or obsolete. Bells are traditionally thought to be better for hearing low-frequency sounds like some heart murmurs and bowel sounds while diaphragms are better for high frequency murmurs and lung sounds [3, 5, 6].

The tunable diaphragm has called into question whether bells are an instrument of the past, but no consensus has been reached. Littmann offers both types of stethoscope as the difference seems to be largely personal preference [1, 2, 4].

1 Littmann Lightweight II SE Stethoscope

The Littmann Lightweight SE model has a double-sided chest piece with a tunable diaphragm and a bell.

The flat teardrop-shaped head that is designed to slip under blood pressure cuffs shows that its designers never intended it for in-depth cardiac exams.

Although the Lightweight II SE is only an ounce lighter than the Littmann Classic, that ounce can make a difference over the course of an entire shift around your neck or in a pocket.

Overall, it is a great first Littmann stethoscope with excellent quality for the price.

1 Littmann Lightweight II SE StethoscopeThe Littmann Lightweight II SE Stethoscope


  • Length: 28 in (71 cm) tube
  • Chest Piece (adult): 2.1 in (5.4 cm)
  • Weight: 4.2 oz (118 g)
  • Chestpiece Material: metal/resin composite
  • Tunable diaphragm
  • 2-year warranty
  • Does not contain latex

Pros and Cons

  • Pros: Inexpensive. Lighter than other models
  • Cons: Limited usefulness in patient exams outside vitals

The Littmann Lightweight II SE is a good purchase for an EMT-B or a broke student, but for long-term use, an upgrade is in order.

2 Littmann Stethoscope Classic III

3M’s Littmann Classic III is arguably the standard for those with a career in the medical field.

The chest piece has a double-sided head with both an adult and pediatric diaphragm. Both diaphragms are tunable, and the pediatric diaphragm membrane can be replaced with a rubber rim to become a bell.

Overall, the Littmann Classic III stethoscope is a great model for everyday patient exams.

2 Littmann Stethoscope Classic III


  • Length: 27 in (69 cm) tube
  • Chest Piece: Adult – 1.7 in (4.3 cm). Pediatric – 1.3 in (3.3 cm)
  • Weight: 5.3 oz (150 g)
  • Chestpiece Material: stainless steel
  • Adult/Pediatric Tunable Diaphragms
  • 2-year warranty
  • Does not contain latex

Pros and Cons

  • Pros: Solid performance in every category. A lot of added value over the Littmann Lightweight II SE
  • Cons: None

The Classic III is probably overkill for taking vitals and lacks the nuance needed for cardiology, but it is perfect for paramedics, nurses, and physicians’ assistants looking for a reliable Littmann stethoscope to do standard patient exams.

3 Best Littmann Cardiology Stethoscopes

Littmann’s cardiology stethoscopes are well above the quality of cheaper models, but among the top tier, what separates the men from the boys?

Littmann Cardiology III

The Littmann Cardiology III was the bottom line on cardiology stethoscopes for years.

The sound quality is significantly better than the Classic III, and overall it is a great buy. If you loved using the Cardiology III and want another one, I have good news for you. They’ve come out with the Cardiology IV, and it’s even better!

Littmann Cardiology IV

The Cardiology IV is the best Littmann stethoscope on the market without getting into the pros and cons of electric stethoscopes.

The Littmann Master Cardiology has slightly better acoustics, but at this level of performance the difference is splitting hairs.

The Cardiology IV has a double sided head with both an adult and pediatric tunable diaphragm. The pediatric diaphragm membrane can be replaced with a rubber ring to become a bell if desired.

Littmann Cardiology IVThe Littmann Cardiology IV Stethoscope


  • Length: 27 in (69 cm) tube. 22 in (56 cm) tube (black only)
  • Chest Piece: Adult – 1.7 in (4.3 cm). Pediatric – 1.3 in (3.3 cm)
  • Weight: 5.9 oz (167 g) for 22 in tube. 6.2 oz (177 g) for 27 in tube
  • Chestpiece Material: stainless steel
  • Adult/Pediatric Tunable Diaphragms
  • 7-year warranty
  • Does not contain latex

Pros and Cons

  • Excellent in every category. The longer stethoscope tube does not noticeably hurt acoustic quality. Isolates noise well in loud environments

The Littmann Cardiology IV is perfect for identifying cardiac, breath, and other bodily sounds in both adults and children. It is our top Littmann stethoscope pick for its quality, versatility, and overall performance.

Littmann Master Cardiology

By thickening the stainless steel head, increasing the diaphragm size, and removing the pediatric diaphragm, the Littmann Master Cardiology reaches the very peak of acoustic performance.

Although the sound quality is second to none, compromises were made in other areas that may make this stethoscope less appealing to some.

If you have a pediatric rotation or see children on a regular basis, the adult-sized diaphragm is too large. It does come with a rubber pediatric attachment that still lets you use the tunable diaphragm, but it is a separate piece from the stethoscope. Keeping track of the detachable pediatric adapter all the time could be annoying.

The Master Cardiology is one of the heaviest Littmann stethoscopes because thicker stainless steel is used in the chest piece to improve acoustics.

he Littmann Master Cardiology Stethoscope SpecificationsThe Littmann Master Cardiology Stethoscope


  • Length: 27 in (69 cm) tube, 22 in (56 cm) tube
  • Chest Piece: Adult – 2 in (5.1 cm)
  • Weight: 6.2 oz (175 g) for 22 in tube, 6.5 oz (185 g) for 27 in tube
  • Chestpiece Material: stainless steel
  • Adult Tunable Diaphragms
  • 7-year warranty
  • Does not contain latex

Pros and Cons

  • Pros: Top of the line acoustics. The longer stethoscope tube does not noticeably hurt acoustic quality. Isolates noise well in loud environments
  • Cons: Detached pediatric adapter. Acoustic difference compared to Cardiology IV is not extreme

The acoustic difference between the Master Cardiology and Cardiology IV is not extreme, so the versatility of the Cardiology IV makes it a better pick for most people.

If you value acoustic quality above all else, however, this has the best sound quality before taking a large price leap into electronic stethoscopes.

4 Littmann 3100 Electronic Stethoscope

Under normal circumstances, a Littmann Cardiology stethoscope is all you’ll ever need, but for those who are hard of hearing, an electronic stethoscope may be necessary.

Electronic stethoscopes digitally boost the sound coming through the diaphragm to much higher levels and selectively decrease ambient noise.

The Littmann 3100 Electronic Stethoscope can be set to diaphragm or bell mode to selectively hear high or low frequencies respectively.

4 Littmann 3100 Electronic Stethoscope

Note: This review is for the 3100 stethoscope. The 3200 has the same auditory benefits, but it can record sounds for playback later.


  • Length: 27 in (69 cm) tube
  • Chest Piece: 2 in (5.1 cm)
  • Weight: 6.5 oz (185 g) for 27 in tube
  • Adult Electronic Diaphragm
  • 2-year warranty
  • Does not contain latex

Pros and Cons

  • Pros: Better sound quality and volume than any normal stethoscope. Actively dampens background noise
  • Cons: More moving parts that can break. Uses batteries

Under normal circumstances, there is no reason to spend the considerable extra money for an electronic stethoscope. For those with hearing loss, however, it can really improve their ability to examine patients.

The Bottom Line

  1. If you are only taking vitals, the Lightweight S.E. II is all you need.
  2. For vitals and standard cardiopulmonary exams, the Littmann Classic III is the way to go.
  3. For identifying and studying cardiac, lung, and body sounds, the Cardiology IV or the Master Cardiology are the best.
  4. If your hearing is impaired, look into the Littmann 3100 electronic stethoscope.

Littmann Stethoscope Holders and Accessories

Stethoscope Holder

Littmann Stethoscope Holders and Accessories

If you don’t like conforming to the stethoscope-around-the-neck stereotype or you work with violent psych patients, there are a variety of convenient holsters that can both clip to a waste band/pocket or thread through a belt loop.

My personal favorite is this leather Velcro stethoscope holderbecause it looks slick and holds any model/size of stethoscope.

Stethoscope Case

Stethoscope Case

After spending a lot of money on a nice stethoscope, it would be a shame to crush it under books or puncture the diaphragm as it rolls around in a bag with the rest of your stuff.

A hard case protects your Littmann stethoscope from damage and can double as a pouch to consolidate nick-knacks.

Personally I like the zippered hard case.


  1. With high quality stethoscopes, a longer tube does not noticeably reduce sound quality.
  2. Stainless steel is the optimal acoustical material for a chest piece [6].


  1. Welsby, P. D., G. Parry, and D. Smith. “The stethoscope: some preliminary investigations.” Postgraduate medical journal 79.938 (2003): 695-698.
  2. Abella, Manuel, John Formolo, and David G. Penney. “Comparison of the acoustic properties of six popular stethoscopes.” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 91.4 (1992): 2224-2228.
  3. “Heart And Breath Sounds: Listening With Skill.” Modern medicine. N. p., 2018. Web. 24 Mar. 2018.
  4. Reschen, Michael. “Medical folklore—the use of your stethoscope’s bell.” BMJ: British Medical Journal 334.7587 (2007): 253.
  5. McGee, Steven. Evidence-Based Physical Diagnosis E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016.
  6. Patentimages.storage.googleapis.com. N. p., 2018. Web. 4 Sept. 2018.


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100 Tough dog names: male & female Amazing Ideas For Badass

The perfect name for your dog

Your new four-legged friend is coming soon and you are wildly enthusiastic. You prepare everything for the arrival and you cannot wait for your loyal friend to make the house more cozy. Now think of a name. But how should you start? You already have a whole list of suitable names ready, but how do you choose one definitive name? We are happy to give you a number of tips below!

Choosing a dog name seems easy, but there are a number of tips that you should keep in mind. A name must not only be beautiful, but it must also be practical. Dionicius is a very beautiful name, but it is not easy to call on your four-legged friend every day. There is of course a lot of choice online, in books, in the media … If you remember the following tips, you will quickly find a suitable name!

Short and powerful : If you keep the name short and powerful, it is easy to understand for the dog and for the other people.
– Clearly intelligible : Choose a name that is clearly understood by the dog. By using clear sounds, it is easier for the dog to remember and recognize its own name.
– Distinguish the name of commands : Because a dog hears sounds and not full words, it’s best to choose a name that doesn’t look too much like a command. Then the dog cannot be mistaken either.
– Suitable for in public: Of course you will ever have to call your dog in public. It is then best to take a name that is socially acceptable, so you should never have a sense of shame.
– A name that fits the dog and you : It is also important to choose a name that fits the beast and of course the owner. Do you have a big, sturdy dog? Then it might not be appropriate to choose the name ‘bambi’.

Tough dog names

Choosing a dog name seems easy, but there are a number of tips that you should keep in mind. A name must not only be beautiful

Do you have a tough dog and do you think it also has a tough name? There are also many options in this category! Tough names not only fit with a solid male, but also with a real Boss Lady! For a male these could be names such as:

Barto, Arthos, Boef, Boris, Bruce, Brutus, James, Tarzan or Poseidon. The following names are suitable for a cool female dog: Nikita, Odin, Rascha, Tinka or Zenya.

Tough Dog Names – Rock Bands and Rappers

rock dog

There are many bands and rappers who like a tough image or outlaw atmosphere.

Some of these names are also great for tough males.

    • Akon
    • Arcade (abbreviation for Arcade Fire)
    • Bruno
    • Busta
    • Ceelo
    • Jayzee
    • Linkin
    • Neyo
    • Outkast
    • Stormsie
    • Tayo
  • Waylon
  • Wyclef

Outlaw Dog Names

Outlaw names can make great b> names

Here are some cool dog names for girls and boys that you might like.

  • Adolf (after the German Chancellor, Adolf Hitler)
  • Bonnie (as in Bonnie and Clyde)
  • Clyde
  • Borden (Lizzie Borden, ax-murderer)
  • Butch (Butch Cassidy, famous train and bank robber)
  • Capone (mafia boss of Chicago)
  • Jesse (Jesse James, robber and murderer)
  • Attila (after Attila the Hun, renowned tough ruler of Asia and Europe in the 400s)
  • Vlad (Vlad the Spietser, super tough Russian prince)
  • Winston (after Winston Churchill, UK Prime Minister during the Second World War)


There are many harsh prisons around the world that can be a source of inspiration for a good, tough dog name.

  • Al (after Alcatraz)
  • traz
  • Chino (state prison for men in California)
  • Hatfield (a difficult prison in Yorkshire, UK)
  • Parchman (the oldest maximum security men’s prison in Mississippi)
  • Sing-Sing (maximum security state prison in New York)
  • Riker (one of the largest American prisons, located on Riker’s Island in New York)
  • Mo (after Guantanamo Bay)

Tough dog names with meanings

Some names that are traditionally given to people are also suitable as tough dog names because of their original meaning.

Here is a selection that you might like.

    • Amir – from Hebrew, which means “powerful”
    • Brendan – from Gaelic, which means ‘brave’
    • Garvan – from Celtic, which means ‘rough’
    • Gunner – from Swedish for “b
  • Lex – abbreviated form of Alexander, meaning “defender of men” in Greek
  • Xander
  • Ozzie – from Hebrew, which means “b>
  • Stalin – from the Hindu, meaning “man of steel”

Tough Dog Names From History

Ancient history has produced some great names for heroes and tough guys who also make perfect tough dog names.

  • Atlas – from Greek mythology that carried the world on its back
  • Ajax – mythical Greek hero who kept the entire Trojan army at bay during the Trojan war
  • Hades – Greek god of the underworld
  • Hera – Greek goddess known for her vengeful character traits
  • Eris – the Greek goddess of disagreement and chaos
  • Loki – the shapeshifting Norwegian god of turmoil and mischief
  • Samson – biblical character said to have superhuman strength
  • Shaitan – Arabic name for the devil
  • Thor – Norwegian god of thunder
  • Titan – Greek giants of incredible strength

Scary dog ​​names

If you want to give your dog a very hard name, you may want to consider something very scary.

We think that these fierce dog names are enough to make you shake in your shoes!

  • Hannibal – after fictional serial killer, Hannibal Lecter
  • Lecter
  • Satan
  • Match
  • Ghost
  • Freddie – after Freddie Kruger
  • Ball
  • Orc (after the cruel goblins in Lord of the Rings)
  • Sauron (evil wizard in the Lord of the Rings)

Tough dog names that just sound good!

There are some words that simply sound difficult!

Here is a selection that you might want to consider.

    • Turbo
    • ear
    • sniper
    • Rhino
    • Mower
    • Razor
  • Rampage
  • nitro
  • Kevlar
  • Hitman
  • Duke
  • Bulldozer
  • Breaker
  • Champ
  • Brutus
  • rough fighter boss
  • ammunition
  • Ajej – means “sandstorm” in Moroccan Arabic

Things to remember when choosing tough dog names

If you think you’ve found the ideal cool dog name for your puppy, there are a few things to keep in mind before making a final decision.

Make sure that the name you choose has only one or two syllables.

Of course you can use a longer name if you find one that you like, but this can make it difficult for your puppy to learn his name and come and call.

If you prefer a long tough dog name, you must abbreviate it to a nickname!

If you already have a dog, avoid choosing a name for your new puppy that is too similar.

Do not give your new puppy a name that is very similar to one of his training assignments!

The name, Grit, is undoubtedly a fierce name for a dog, but it also sounds like sitting!

And you don’t want your helpful dog to stay in the park if you really want him to come back!

Try to think of a really unusual and unique tough dog name.

There are hundreds, if not thousands, of dogs called Rambo, Rocky and Tyson!

Imagine the confusion that could be caused in the park and at your local veterinary surgery if you choose a very ordinary tough dog name!

Tough Dog Names – Summary

Even the toughest dogs can be loving and gentle.

However, if you have a bright looking puppy, you may want a name that suits him.

We hope you find inspiration under our list of cool dog names!

If you choose one of our suggestions, you can let us know in the Comments section below.

However, if you already have a dog with a big tough dog, we would like to know!

Names for a dog

Of course you want a suitable name for your newest male quadruped. A male must have a male name that matches the animal. Do you prefer a serious name? Then choose Adam, Adriaan, Oscar, Winston, Bernard or Sherlock. Do you think that a cute name fits your sweet dog better? Take Samba, Snuffel, Leo or Pukkie for example. Of course you can also choose a funny name or a known name. For example, Scooby Doo, Goofy, Snoopie or Lassie. Super nice to call your dog inside!

Names for a female dog

Have you bought a female dog? Then the names may certainly be a bit more  girly . How about Chanel, Nina, Adriana or Shanty. Prefer a more serious name for your dog? Then take Samantha, Tara, Tiffany or Kirsten. But names such as Floekie, Laika, Paris, Zara, Wanda or Dakota are also suitable for a female dog.

Dog names with meaning

You may not just want to choose a name for your special darling. Of course it is always nice to choose a name with a meaning behind it. For your dog, the following names and their meanings are definitely worth choosing:

– Casey : means ‘brave’ and is derived from Celtic
– Lupo : is the translation of ‘wolf’ into the Italian language
– Murphy : a name for a dog who loves water, because it means ‘sea warrior’.
– Rex : means “king” in Latin
– Sven : means “boy” in Scandinavian
– Tygo : is a Greek name meaning “happiness” or “
– Zico : Derived from “Chico”, a Spanish word for “little boy”

For a female dog there are also a lot of names with a nice meaning:
– Aina : derived from the Catalan name Anne, also means ‘gracious’
– Alice : an English name with meaning ‘noble’ or ‘friendly’
– Bijou : French name for ‘jewel’ or ‘jewel’
– Donna : the Italian word for ‘lady’
– Eden :
Fleur : the French name for ‘flower’
– Jenny : the English name for ‘the white’, but it also means ‘honest’
– Kira : a name of Russian origin that means ‘sun’

Top 10 dog names

It is of course always nice to know which dog names are in the top 10. For the male dogs this is the top 10:
1. Diesel  
2. Jacky  
3. Max  
4. Spike  
5. Finn  
6. Boris  
7. Floyd  
8. Max  
9. Sam  
10. Rex  

For the female dog, the top 10 looks like this from:
1. Luna  
2. Lola  
3. Lady  
4. Isa  
5. Dana  
6. Noa  
7. Jaimy  
8. Laika  
9. Chanel  
10. Indy 

Hip dog names

Nowadays, names of famous people are seen as hip dog names. It is of course always nice to call in the name of your favorite singer, actor …! Hip dog names for a dog are, for example, Boy, Bowie, Leonardo, Jackson or Bond. Jessy, Adrianna, Sandy, Zoë, Zara or Joy are a hip dog name for a bitch. Times change very quickly, so every day other hip names can be added.

Separate dog names

A dog name must be special. So why not choose a very special name for your four-legged friend? This can range from Scooby Doo, Alien, Tinki, Bojka and Zazoo to DJ, Djoeka, Mirai and Muffin. You can make the dog name as crazy as you want! Every animal is unique and that also applies to the name.

After all this inspiration for your dog or bitch, you can now start looking for the suitable name for your four-legged friend. With the tips above and the numerous examples you will find the best name for your pet in no time. Good luck choosing!

Biblical Dog Names in Pop Culture

Featured Famous Dog With a Biblical Name Barabbas When you think of the name Barabbas, you think of the notorious criminal mentioned in all four gospels of the Bible. Barabbas was chosen by the crowd to be released over Jesus Christ. Therefore, it is amusing that in the movie, My Dog, the Thief, had a lovable Saint Bernard named Barabbas.

The movie was released in 1969 and starred Dwayne Hickman as Jack Crandall and Mary Ann Mobley as Kim Lawrence. Jack was an air-traffic reporter who finds out that his partner and best friend, Barabbas, stole a priceless necklace from a group of jewel-smugglers. Throughout the movie the antics and tricks done by Barabbas keep you laughing and make you fall in love with the large canine crook. The movie aired as a two part episode on television on September 21, 1969 and September 28, 1969.

Actress Alicia Silverstone also had a dog with a biblical name. Her Rottweiler-Pitbull-Doberman mix was named Samson. Silverstone stumbled across Samson in East Los Angeles while she was filming True Crime, a detective thriller. When she found Samson, he was cut, bleeding and emaciated. After nursing him back to health, Silverstone decided to keep him.

He became one of her five rescue dogs. While filming Clueless, Silverstone was able to get Samson a cameo appearance. With her love for Samson and her other rescued pooches, she has opened an animal shelter named Stone Haven on her estate.

Actor Bradley Cooper has stated on several occasions that his dogs are part of his family. In an interview to People magazine in 2009, Cooper stated that his dogs are his kids. Samson, a German Shorthaired Pointer, was Cooper’s constant companion for several years after saving the dog from being euthanized. When Samson passed away at the ripe old age of 15, Cooper was devastated and found a way to always remember the love and devotion they had for each other. Red cardinal is other dog name.

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Blood Orange Essential Oil, The Amazing Health Supplement You’ve Been Missing Out On

Blood oranges are easily among the most compelling varieties of fruit in the entire world. With their unusual reddish hue, they make a powerful statement even upon first glance. There’s something of a magnetic allure that’s truly one of a kind.

There’s much more at play than mere looks however; blood oranges also have a delectably sweet smell that should immediately remind you of the most delicious, juiciest oranges you’ve ever eaten. Incredibly, it goes even further: blood orange essential oil is actually immensely useful for the mind and body alike. With that in mind, here’s a closer look are some of the most amazing health benefits for this amazing fruit:

1 – Detoxifying The Body

Blood orange essential oil acts as a stimulant for the bladder, kidneys, and lymph nodes. It helps inspire a healthy production of urine, a necessity for ridding yourself of unneeded uric acid, salt, and excess fluid. The reduction of cellulite and overall detoxification is another fantastic byproduct.

The oil also promotes great health in general given these impressive qualities. If your body retains a lot of toxins, your organs are naturally going to have to work much harder to keep themselves running. The downsides there are obvious, but blood orange oils are fortunately quite proficient at helping prevent any issues.

2 – Mood Enhancement

Blood orange essential oil’s aroma alone is enough to help put anyone in a great mood. Most have described the scent as pleasantly uplifting. In fact, it’s actually used quite commonly in aromatherapy sessions to fight grief and depression.

If diffused throughout a home, the oil can help reduce your stress levels as well. Many studies have found that orange essential oils can even fight off the worst known anxiety symptoms. One in particular from 2013 was able to prove that the oil was strong enough to calm the nerves of young children that were about to go in for major dental work!

3 – Stomach Relaxation

If you’re the type to suffer from gas or bloating, you’ll also find blood orange oils quite useful. Alongside everything listed above, it also has carminative (flatulence reducing) attributes. As such, it can easily dilute the symptoms typically associated with gas.

It’s the most common thing in the world to have occasional bouts of bloating, but being plagued with it every day can be incredibly uncomfortable. Excess amounts tend to rise throughout the body and press harshly against your insides, the result of which is a wealth of pain and ongoing problems such as indigestion. Blood orange essential oil can relax your stomach muscles, helping gas to escape in a natural and more comfortable manner.

4 – Stops Cancer Cells From Growing

It’s a well known and unfortunate truth that cancer is among the top causes of death in our modern world. There’s also no definitive cure yet despite seemingly endless hours of strenuous research. As such, it’s important to fill your daily routine with anything that can naturally fight off cancer cell growth.

Blood orange essential oil is ripe with D-limonene, a useful nutrient in many respects. After much study, it has been shown to help prevent cellular mutation of all kinds. Impressively, this can actively help the body prevent cancer cell growth.

5 – Microbial Growth Inhibitor

Whenever you receive any form of abrasion or cut, there’s a chance of potential infection. This is especially likely if the wound is inflicted by an object made of iron. Tetanus germs are the root cause, and they can be incredibly irksome in a variety of ways.

Essential oil from blood oranges helps to avoid fungal and bacterial infections given its ability to disinfect wounds. If you get even the smallest of cuts, you should consider using a dab or two to treat the area. By doing so, you can be doubly sure that no infection takes place.

6 – Effective Migraine Headache Relief

If you suffer from habitual headaches or migraines, you’ve likely found it difficult to locate a medicine that always works. There are quite a few “over the counter” options, but they all tend to be quite harsh on your internal organs. (That’s especially true if you need to take them on a regular basis.) This opens the door to a number of costly health problems that are obviously best avoided.

As it turns out, aromatherapy with blood orange essential oils is an amazing alternative for headache relief. You can even massage the oil directly on the affected area of the forehead for surprisingly fast relaxation. Best of all, this is inexpensive and far healthier than relying on potentially dangerous pills.

7 – Excess Fat Loss

As described above, blood orange oils are unparalleled in their ability to rid the system of toxins and gasses. This in turn will cause you to urinate on a more regular basis as your body attempts to flush everything it doesn’t need. Yet another amazing benefit will emerge from there; your appetite and digestive system will flourish, both of which are essential for excess fat loss.

Blood orange oil acts as a natural diuretic, meaning it will improve the production of your urine. As you urinate more frequently, your system will naturally be flushed of anything unnecessary or unhelpful like excess salt. This will also lead to stable digestive system that can easily help you shed pounds and develop a healthier heart in tow.

8 – Peace And Relaxation

When you’re in need of some rest and relaxation after a hard day of work, it’s important to have a natural means of slipping into a more peaceful state. All of the artificial sedatives that people often turn to are riddled with unhealthy ingredients that do very little good for the body overall. In the long run, relying upon vices can do terrible damage to your heart and other internal organs.

As you might expect, it’s quite a bit better to rely on the likes of blood orange essential oil. It can help relieve you of your depression, anger, anxiety, and discomfort in short order. The natural properties are absolutely amazing in every regard.

Using blood orange oil will even give you many of the same feelings as eating the fruit itself. It has a sunny, sweet quality that’s incredibly alluring. Somehow, it tends to instill a sense of happiness and peace.

In short, blood orange essential oil is amazingly beneficial to the human body as a whole. It can promote better health in virtually every respect. With all of this in mind, it comes heavily recommended across the board.

Aromatic Description

Blood Orange Essential Oil smells similar to Sweet Orange Essential Oil, however Blood Orange Oil is slightly tarter and has a more complex aroma.

Blood Orange Essential Oil Uses

Please refer to the profile for Sweet Orange Essential Oil.


As blood oranges are considered a variety of sweet orange, its constituents should be similar with Limonene comprising up to 95% of the oil.

Blood Orange Essential Oil Safety Information

Please refer to the profile for Sweet Orange Essential Oil.

General Safety Information

Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. For general dilution information, read AromaWeb’s Guide to Diluting Essential Oils. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. Before using this or any essential oil, carefully read AromaWeb’s Essential Oil Safety Information page. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.

Important Information About the Profiles

The essential oil information provided on AromaWeb is intended for educational purposes only. The references to safety information, constituents and percentages is generalized information. The data is not necessary complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate. The essential oil photos are intended to represent the typical and approximate color of each essential oil. However, essential oil color can vary based on harvesting, distillation, age of the essential oil and other factors. Profiles for several absolutes are included within the directory, and are denoted as such.

Blood Orange Essential Oil Uses and Benefits / Blends & Suggestions

Oranges have been linked to aiding issues of depression, anxiety, constipation, nervous conditions, and muscular spasms.* This oil is known to be a tonic, sedative, and antiseptic as well.

Orange oil can be used as a skin moisturizer. Simply mix a few drops of essential oil with your favorite moisturizer or coconut oil and evenly rub on the body.

  • It can also be used to support a cold and other flu like symptoms. Simply pour a few drops of orange essential oil into steaming hot water and inhale for 15 minutes.*
  • It can also be used to reinvigorate the skin and reduces tension and anxiety. Simply apply three-4 drops inside a warm bubble bath and soak for 30 minutes.

Blends well with Lavender, Lemon, Clary Sage, Myrrh, Nutmeg, and Clove Bud essential oils.

*This statement has not been evaluated by the FDA and is not intended to diagnose, treat, or prevent any disease.

Instructions: Dilute 3-5 drops per teaspoon of carrier oil.

Blood Orange Essential Oil Essential Oil Safety Tips

  • Orange essential oil should be diluted with a carrier oil for contact with the human skin.
  • May cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use.
  • For external use only.  See our Safety Information page for further details when using essential oils.

The post Blood Orange Essential Oil, The Amazing Health Supplement You’ve Been Missing Out On appeared first on Argentina News.

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USING ESSENTIAL OILS TO TREAT ANXIETY: An Incredibly Easy Method That Works For All

Suffering from anxiety is difficult, but the great thing is that there are solutions out there. While some people choose the pharmaceutical route, there are others who would prefer to take a more natural approach. If you are looking for a way to reduce anxiety, you should definitely try essential oils. Many have used them to successfully combat all of the symptoms associated with this condition.

Here are some of the best essential oils you can use to treat anxiety:


Not only is this oil great for anxiety, but it can help reduce many of the most common symptoms that associated with it, including restlessness, panic attacks, sleep difficulty and irritability. There have been numerous studies conducted in the past that concluded lavender is a great stress reliever.

There are a number of ways to consume lavender for anxiety relief. including the following:

  1. Adding this oil to tea and consuming it internally is useful. While you are sipping on the warm, relaxing liquid, inhaling the aromas can decrease feelings of stress as well.
  2. Use the oil as an inhalant. You can massage the oil onto your hands or wrists and inhale the scent throughout the day. If you want to inhale the oil without placing it directly on the skin, you can place some on a cotton ball or cloth.
  3. Blend this with a carrier oil, like jojoba or coconut, and use it to moisturize your skin. This will soften your skin while offering a soothing aroma. It can begin to ease all of your feelings of anxiety within five minutes.


When most people think of chamomile, they have thoughts of a relaxing cup of tea before bedtime. The reason that this is often consumed prior to slumber is because of its soothing scent and the fact that it diminishes feelings of anxiety.

Not only does it help you mentally, but it can assist with stress and digestion troubles as well. This may sound off topic, but having physical ailments can certainly lead to increased feelings of anxiety.

There has been research conducted that concluded chamomile has antidepressant effects. This is particularly useful for those who are looking to boost their mental health without relying on a medical approach.

Chamomile essential oil is considered quite gentle, so you will not have to be concerned about using this when little ones are present. In fact, there are some who have used this to ease their children’s anxiety directly.

Rose Oil

This oil has been used in everything from perfume to tea. It has always been associated with healing, but many are not aware of the fact that it can help those who are dealing with anxiety.

There are two chemicals, geraniol and citronellol, that make up rose oil and they work together to offer relief. Not all roses are the same, so the amount of chemicals in the oil you purchase may vary from 12-44%, with a higher concentration being preferable.

The three main benefits of the oil that are associated with anxiety are:

  • It calms the nerves.
  • It restores your appetite (lack of hunger is common when dealing with anxiety).
  • It is a powerful antidepressant.

Numerous studies have been conducted that have concluded rose oil can significantly lower a person’s feelings of anxiety. Many people who have sought out alternative treatments for depression can vouch for the healing properties of this oil.

Lemon Balm

The essential oil that is gleaned from lemon balm has been used for many years to curb the effects of anxiety on the brain. It can also help with sleep issues, like insomnia, and put the user in a more relaxed state. This oil has been studied extensively and it was found that polyphenols and flavonoids, which are some of the active compounds in lemon balm, have a number of great health benefits. One of the most important is the way that it works on the neurotransmitters and eases feelings of stress and anxiety.

When taken in high doses, this oil has a sedative effect. Taking this on a regular basis can have a profound effect on insomnia symptoms and anxiety disorders. Anyone who has been having trouble with anxiety accompanied by sleeping trouble should reach for this. It has been proven to be safe, which means you can feel comfortable adding this to your daily regimen.

Frankincense Oil

This is an oil that comes from the Boswellia tree and it has been used to heal since ancient times. While most have lauded this oil when it comes to arthritis, hormone issues. neurological support and digestion, it can also help with feelings of anxiety.

There was a research study conducted in 2009 and it concluded that frankincense had antidepressant properties when administered to mice. An earlier study showed that women in the delivery room were calmer when this oil was used. Considering the amount of fear and anxiety that is associated with childbirth, this was a huge breakthrough.

Frankincense can be used directly on your skin, alone or blended with a carrier oil. You can dab it behind the ears the same way you would with cologne. Keep in mind that there are some digestible forms of frankincense that can be used in tea. Read the label carefully to make sure that the oil you purchase is safe for consumption.

Geranium Oil

This is a very good option when it comes to relief from anxiety. While many other essential oils are taken from the petals of flowers, this one comes from the stems and leaves.

It is fairly inexpensive to produce, so many people use it when rose oil is not financially viable. Keep in mind these oils do not smell the same; geranium has its own distinctive essence. It is also rich in antioxidants, which is useful for those who plan to add this to tea.

Studies have shown that this oil helps the user reach a heightened state of wellbeing. Not only that, but it can also decrease blood pressure. As was mentioned earlier, better physical health can reduce anxiety as well.

There are many ways to use geranium oil. You can rub it into the skin (alone or with a carrier oil). You can use a diffuser. Even rubbing it into the palms and inhaling the scent can have some useful effects.

This is safe to ingest, so you can make tea with this or add it to any beverage. Some find it hard to take without adding a little sweetener, but that is purely a personal decision.


This oil is often given the botanical name ylang-ylang, even though they are technically not the same thing. They are from the same family and there are some unsavory people who will substitute cananga for its more fragrant and delicate cousin.

Many people do not realize that aromatherapy is not all about pleasant smells. This is important to note since some believe cananga is not effective because the scent is not very strong. This oil can help with depression by calming down the user. In high doses, it can be used as a sedative. As with many essential oils mentioned here, it can have a positive effect on blood pressure.

Many who have nerve pain (especially that which is related to diabetes) deal with feelings of anxiety and depression; this oil can help with all of these ailments.

Sweet Basil

Holy basil is often used to treat anxiety, but many do not realize that sweet basil is effective for this as well. People all over the world enjoy this as a spice, but its oil can be used to significantly reduce anxiety symptoms.

There was research conducted at Hainan Medical University and it concluded that sweet basil is one of the most powerful essential oils when it comes to combating anxiety. Out of the numerous oils studied, this was one of the best. In a different study, it was found that the essential oil gleaned from basil had a significant impact on anxiety while an extract from the same plant was not as effective.

The best way to use this oil would be to add it to an inhaler or place it inside of a diffuser.


This oil has been used for thousands of years to assist with soothing and healing. While the number one benefit of vetiver is its antioxidant properties, it has the ability to significantly reduce anxiety. This is why it is so popular among people who practice aromatherapy and do so for calming and healing effects. There was a study conducted in Thailand and it was found that rats had a better response when using this than they did when taking diazepam, which is a powerful drug that is used to treat anxiety. It has also been used to treat ADD and ADHD in adults and children.

Clary Sage

This oil is one of the most fragrant available and it is wonderful for relaxing users and calming down feelings of anxiety. It is very rich in linalyl acetate and linalool, which are compounds that have been shown to relax the nervous system. There was a study done and it was concluded that this oil has a profound effect on the dopamine levels in the brain, which means that it can be very effective when being used as an antidepressant and treatment for anxiety.

One of the most common ways to use this is to dab it on the neck and ears and use it was a perfume. It should also be noted that this oil is safe for consumption, so it can be made into a tea or added to other beverages as well. Another way to use this would be to add it to hot bath water and soak the body in it.

Valerian Oil

This is an herb and essential oil that successfully fights anxiety. It increases gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain and this reduces excitability and irritability levels. It also promotes relaxation. In large doses, it acts as a sedative.

There are two compounds, valerenol and valerenic acid, that are contained in Valerian oil and they have anti-anxiety properties alone, but there is no clear understanding of how this works.

Valerian has been shown to help with psychological issues that occur due to stress. This is very distinctive since not many plants can do this. Placing this on your temples or the back of the ears can reduce anxiety rather quickly. Make sure that you do not place it too close to the eyes.

Most of the time when people mention Valerian, it is in reference to it being a sleep aid. This means that it is more effective for those who experience anxiety-related sleep issues. It is best to use this prior to bedtime so you are able to achieve a restful sleep. Keep in mind that this oil can cause lucid dreams when used in large doses. Unless that is something you are interested in, you might want to use a small amount at a time.


This oil has a pleasant scent that is reminiscent of balsamic. Most people who use this do so in order to cleanse their renal system and fight infections. In traditional medicine, it is most often used as an antibacterial agent. Those who have urinary issues find that this is naturally cleansing and it detoxifies the body. While it is not discussed as often when anxiety is mentioned, it can definitely help with this. There are several cultures where it is used to relieve stress and stop the user from brimming with feelings of anxiety.

When used in aromatherapy, the scent of juniper helps induce a relaxed state of mind. In ancient times, it was often associated with helping people deal with emotional pain and trauma. When inhaled, it has a very calming effect on the brain.

In a study on insomniacs who consume prescription drugs, it was found that many of them reduced or totally eliminated pharmaceuticals after using juniper oil.

You can add this to a diffuser, place some on your body (blended with a carrier oil) or add it to detergent so the aroma lingers on your clothing. If you are seeking a more direct and soothing approach, you can place some in bath water before soaking in it.


Researchers who have studied the healing effects of fragrances found that jasmine oil can significantly increase GABA levels. In fact, it was shown to be more effective than traditional medications that are prescribed for anxiety. While this study was not conducted on humans, that does not make these findings any less profound. For many centuries, it has been used as a natural way to reduce stress and anxiety levels.

Jasmine essential oil is particularly useful for people whose anxiety leads to low energy levels and lethargy. The oil acts as a stimulant on the brain, which means that mood can improve right away. If you are someone who is prone to bouts of nervousness, this would be useful for you as well. This is because jasmine oil helps build a tolerance against stress and anxiety.

It has been found that using this directly on the skin is the best way to administer it. While there are other methods of use, none of them is as effective.

Peppermint and Eucalyptus Oils

These are two very well known essential oils that have not been commonly used for anxiety, but it has been shown they may have long-lasting effects. Let’s discuss peppermint oil first.

It might be a little surprising to know that this plant which is usually used as a spice has benefits to those who suffer from anxiety. It is more commonly known for things like its antibacterial properties, pain relief and services as a digestive aid for those with stomach issues. Research done found that this oil is really effective when used to combat depression and anxiety. Numerous studies have concluded that it should be added to the list of anxiety-fighting oils.

Now let’s talk about eucalyptus. 1,8 cineole is a compound found in eucalyptus and it was found to work toward significantly decreasing feelings of anxiety. Since this oil has been used for so many other things, including cold medicine, reducing inflammation, fighting viruses and repelling insects, it was great to know that something so popular could also be used to help with anxiety.

Tips For Using Essential Oils

  • Always test essential oils on a small area of the body before you begin to use it more abundantly. This will help you assess whether or not you are allergic to it. Place a small amount of your wrist and cover it with a bandage. After 24 hours or so, remove this and check for redness, rash or irritation. If you do not notice any adverse reactions, you can feel free to use this on the skin as you wish.
  • If you are pregnant or nursing, it would be wise to check with your doctor before you try this. While this is an all-natural approach, it is possible for some of these oils to have ill effects, so seeking medical advice can be a lifesaver.
  • Many essential oils need to be blended with a carrier oil in order to tone it down a bit. Coconut, olive, jojoba and argan oil are all great options. There are others as well, so do some research and figure out which would be best for you.
  • When using it in bath water, you can add it directly to the water or blend it with bubble bath, Epsom salt or any other substance you plan to add to the water. Less is more when it comes to oils, so do not go overboard. You can probably get away with only adding 5-6 drops in an entire tub filled with water.
  • Always look for a reputable source when you are buying oils. This will ensure you will have no issues when it comes to feeling the effects. It is also important to buy from someone that will not add so much of a carrier oil or other substance that the product is diluted. This was referenced a bit earlier when discussing cananga.
  • If you feel uncomfortable adding this directly to your skin, you can apply some to a cotton ball and inhale it over the course of the say. Placing this in your pocket, at your work desk or in your car is a great way to reap the benefits without worrying about any allergic reactions.
  • Do not buy the essential oils that are described as fragrances on the label. This typically means that other things may have been added and they may not be safe to inhale directly. You should look for those that have “therapeutic grade” in the description and/or on the label.
  • Note that all essential oils are not fit for human consumption. You do not want to add this to a beverage or make a tea with it before checking to see if it is safe.


Unfortunately, anxiety and stress are two things that most people will have to deal with at some point in their lives. Even if you are someone who is generally able to handle these things, sometimes it can be overwhelming. The idea is to take cues from your body and decide what the next course of action is. It may be important to take more than a few deep breaths and grab some essential oils.

These oils mentioned here can help you relax and they have the power to ease all of the tension you have been feeling, boost your mood and help you get some sleep. You have to take a chance and see what kind of help they can offer you. Whether you decide to use one of the oils that you are familiar with or you want to try something new, you can look forward to feeling better than you have in a very long time.

The post USING ESSENTIAL OILS TO TREAT ANXIETY: An Incredibly Easy Method That Works For All appeared first on Argentina News.

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Earache: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

What is earache?

Earache is a nasty pain that can feel nagging, but also very intense (stabbing or throbbing). Earache can occur in one ear or in both ears at the same time. Earache mainly affects children. But adults can also get earache. Earache is annoying and can be very painful, but it is not dangerous.

Symptoms of earache

There are 2 types of ear infection. Children with earache usually have middle ear infection: an inflammation behind the eardrum. Middle ear infection usually heals automatically. Often the worst pain is gone within 2 to 3 days. In adults with earache, it is usually an inflammation of the ear canal. An ear canal usually heals within 1 to 3 weeks. You can also suffer from ear pain while flying.

Symptoms of middle ear infection

Sometimes middle ear infection does not cause any complaints. But usually middle ear infection is accompanied by symptoms such as earache, fever and feeling sick. Young children who have earache often cannot tell what they are feeling. For them, middle ear infection can often be recognized by their behavior:

  • Babies with middle ear infection are usually restless at night and often rub the sore ear. They usually do not drink well. They are also often irritable.
  • Toddlers with middle ear infections are dizzy. They have no appetite and can suffer from abdominal pain or diarrhea. They also sometimes have to throw up.

Loop ear through middle ear infection

With middle ear infection there is a lot of pressure on the eardrum (that causes the earache). The eardrum can tear due to this pressure. Then the inflammatory moisture can flow out through the crack; that is a ‘loopoor’. Often there is some blood in the inflammatory fluid. That won’t hurt. As soon as the eardrum is torn and the pressure is released, the earache usually disappears immediately. A barrel usually heals within a week. The eardrum usually closes automatically by itself.

Symptoms of an ear canal

With ear canal inflammation the skin of the ear canal is inflamed. Then you usually suffer from one or more of these symptoms:

  • You have pain, a burning sensation or itching in your ear canal.
  • You have flaking or red, swollen skin in your ear canal.
  • Moisture comes out of your ear canal.
  • You will hear less well due to the swelling or fluid in your ear canal.
  • It hurts when you gently pull your ear.

Causes of earache

Earache can have various causes. The most common cause of ear pain is inflammation of the ear canal, or inflammation of the middle ear. Sometimes ear pain can be caused by a condition outside your ear. For example due to a condition in your mouth (jaw, tongue, teeth) or to your tonsils. By stimulating your nerves, the pain can then spread to your ear.

Causes of middle ear infection

A middle ear infection is often associated with a cold. If you have a cold, the mucous membranes of your nasal cavity and throat are swelling. As a result, the connecting tube (the Eustachius tube) between your nose / throat and your middle ear becomes clogged. Your middle ear is then closed. The cold virus and all kinds of bacteria in your middle ear can then trigger an inflammation. The inflammatory fluid presses on your eardrum. That is going to be full. That pressure in your ear causes the pain.

Causes of ear canal inflammation

Normally the ear canal keeps the skin healthy by earwax. Earwax is greasy and acidic. That has a protective effect. But sometimes the skin of the ear canal becomes irritated. It is not always clear what the cause is. It is known that a narrow ear canal increases the risk of inflammation. Certain diseases also have a greater risk of ear canal infections, such as psoriasis, eczema and (contact) allergy. Sometimes an ear canal infection is caused by an infection with a bacterium or fungus.
In addition, you can sometimes be the cause. These habits and behaviors can irritate your ear canal and cause inflammation:

  • With your finger (s), cotton buds / balls or matches in your ear. As a result, an earwax plug may get deeper into your ear canal and cause inflammation.
  • Care products that end up in your ear, such as soap, shampoo and hair spray.
  • Warmth in combination with moisture in your ear, for example when you shower, take a bath and swim.
  • Things you wear in the ear, such as ‘earphones’ (earphones) or hearing aids.

Prevent earache

Is your earache caused by a pathogen? You can’t do much about that. You can, however, ensure that your ears are as healthy as possible:

  • Do not clean your ears inside. Also do not fiddle with your fingers or an object. Usually the ear canal is automatically cleaned.
  • Do not use skin care products that irritate your skin. And prevent water and care products from getting into your ear when showering, bathing or washing hair. For example, by bending your head forward, or by using earplugs.
  • Always dry your ear cup and the entrance to your ear canal well after taking a shower, bathing or swimming.
  • Do you always get ear infections after swimming? Then it is important to protect your ears: with ear plugs or cotton wool with Vaseline.
  • Do you wear a hearing aid and do you often have pain in your ear? Maybe your hearing aid will not fit properly. Your hearing care professional can view this for you.

Treat earache

In many cases you can relieve ear pain with pain killers. If the earache lasts (too) long, is not well tolerated or returns again and again, it is wise to go to the doctor.  here.

Tips to prevent earache

  • Do not clean your ears inside
  • Prevent soap and water from getting into your ears
  • Always dry your ears well after showering or swimming

Children with earache: when to go to the doctor?

It is advisable to go to the doctor with your child:

  • if your child is less than 2 years old and grabs with his hands to the ears (that may indicate ear pain)
  • if your child is over 2 years old and already has earache and fever for 3 days
  • if inflammatory fluid runs out of the ear for more than 2 weeks (loopoor)
  • if your child continues to cry because of the earache
  • if your child has ear pain for the third time within 1 year
  • if your child has earache and a high fever (more than 40 degrees)
  • if your child’s ear has suddenly become a floppy ear (away from the head)

Adults with earache: when to go to the doctor?

Go to your doctor in the following cases:

  • if your earache is severe
  • if your earache lasts longer than 2 weeks
  • if you have earache and a high fever

If you have a severe ear infection, you are likely to receive antibiotics.
Is there an ear wax plug in your ear? Then the doctor will squirt your ear to remove the plug.

Which medicines can you use for ear pain?

The medication below can help with ear pain. Light painkillers are freely available. Heavier painkillers can only be obtained on prescription from your doctor or specialist. Your BENU Pharmacy has various types of painkillers and can advise you on which painkiller best suits your situation.

In your BENU Pharmacy: pain killers for earache

  • Paracetamol

    Paracetamol is analgesic and fever-reducing.

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Ear canal inflammation – Swimmer's Ear (Otitis Externa): Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

An ear canal is an inflammation of the skin of the ear canal. This is also called a “swimmers’ ear” or otitis externa. Ear canal inflammation is one of the most frequently diagnosed in ENT practice. Approximately three to ten percent of ENT patients visit the ENT doctor with complaints of ear canal infections. Often one patient has an ear canal several times a year. The inflammation is usually caused by a bacterium, but a fungal infection is also possible.

Ear canal

The ear consists of the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. The outer ear and ear canal form the outer ear. Outer ear and middle ear are separated by the eardrum.

The external ear canal runs from the earcup to the eardrum and directs the sound to the eardrum. The external ear canal is a slightly curved canal covered with skin. In adults, the ear canal is approximately 2.5 cm long and approximately 1 cm in diameter.

There are 1,000 to 2,000 glands in the skin of the ear canal that produce ear wax. This ensures that the acidity in the ear remains good and thus takes care of the skin in the ear canal.

Earwax serves, among other things, to protect the ear against dirt, dust, bacteria, etc. and transports dander and dirt from the ear canal to the outside. The amount of ear wax can vary per person and even per ear.

Origin of an ear canal infection

The skin of the ear canal is protected by the ear wax, which is acidic and greasy. If the protective factors, such as earwax and intact epidermis, fall away, there is an increased risk of an ear canal.

The best known causes of an ear canal are:

Swimming and bathing

The humidity level in the ear canal is hereby increased and it becomes less acidic, which increases the chance of inflammation. That is why an ear canal infection is also called “swimmers’ ear”.

Ear pruning

When picking in the ear canal and cleaning it yourself with cotton buds, pens, paper clips, matches, keys etc. wounds can occur. This also allows the earwax to be pushed deeper into the ear canal. A plug of ear wax can then also form. Inflammation is easier in the sultry space behind this plug.

Disturbed aeration

A reduced aeration of the ear canal can already give rise to inflammation, for example by prolonged closure of the ear canal with an ear plug. People with a narrow ear canal are more likely to suffer from ear canal infections.

Hair growth

The more hairs are in the outer part of the ear canal, the greater the chance of inflammation due to a disruption of the normal earwax transport mechanism.

Cosmetic products

For example, shampoo, soap and hair spray can irritate the skin in the ear canal. If the skin becomes irritated, it is vulnerable and inflammation can occur more easily.

Allergic skin reaction

Allergic reactions to headphones, (ear pieces of) hearing aids and ear drops can lead to scratching of the ears, resulting in minor damage to the ear canal with increased risk ofinflammation.

Relationship between ear canal inflammation and other disorders

The ear canal may be part of a skin disease such as eczema, psoriasis or contact allergy. With these disorders itchiness is the main thing. During the examination, a (ENT) doctor will therefore also pay attention to the hairy scalp and, for example, the elbow.

Diabetes must also be asked when going through the history of illness. Blood vessel damage based on diabetes can lead to locally reduced blood flow, which can result in skin and cartilage degradation. This same blood vessel damage also makes antibiotic treatment and the body’s immune response less efficient to be.

Causes of an ear canal


The ear canal is usually caused by bacteria in combination with damaged skin. This concerns in a majority of cases the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Pseudomonas aeruginosa can seldom or never come from a healthy ear canal. This is in contrast to an ear canal with damaged skin.

In half the number of cases the inflammation is caused by several bacteria at the same time.


A fungus as the cause must also be considered. A fungus occurs mainly in a humid, warm climate. That is why a fungal infection of the ear canal is observed more frequently in the summer in the Netherlands. It is then warm and more is being swum, leaving water in the ear canal coming.

Complaints of the different types of ear canal infections

Acute ear canal inflammation

In the acute form the patient will often complain about itching and pain. The pain can be so severe that it prevents the patient from sleeping. There are also often complaints of feeling full in the ear and hearing loss.
Upon examination of the earcup and entrance of the ear canal one sees:

  • a red, swollen skin of the ear canal; sometimes up to the pinna with narrowing of the ear canal and / or
  • a barrel ear and crusting.

Pressure on the cartilage before the ear is painful. The insertion of an ear view by the (ENT) doctor and pulling the ear back is painful. An extensive form of ear canal inflammation will also cause fever and swelling of the lymph nodes around the ear and neck. Due to the swelling or discharge, a patient may temporarily have difficulty hearing.

Chronic ear canal inflammation

With chronic ear canal inflammation, the pain is less prominent. It is mainly the relentless itching that hinders. The skin can be dry and flaky, but also moist (oar). In the case of chronic inflammation, taking a culture can be important to detect the causative agent of the inflammation. Sometimes it is necessary not to use antibiotic-containing ear drops for some time prior to ear culture.

Fungal infection of the ear canal

In the case of a fungal infection, a thick discharge is found in the ear canal (image of “wet newspapers”). The (ENT) doctor can often recognize the fungal infection when inspecting the ear through black dots or white “cotton wool” amid the outflow. A blue-green or yellow discoloration can also be seen depending on the fungal species.

Prolonged use of certain ear drops encourages the development of a fungal infection by altering the normal balanced composition of the bacteria in the ear canal. It creates space for molds, as it were. An ear culture can suspect a fungal infection confirm.

Investigation in an ear canal

The diagnosis of ear canal inflammation is almost always based on the pattern of complaints and the examination of the ear. In some cases, additional examinations will be required in the form of taking a culture, taking X-rays or conducting tissue tests.

If a contact allergy is suspected, additional allergy testing by a dermatologist may be required to be.

Treatment of an ear canal

In almost all cases, ear canal inflammation is limited to the skin of the ear canal and can easily be cured with local (local) treatment. The complaints disappear after one to two weeks.

Different treatments are possible depending on the type of inflammation:

Acute ear canal inflammation

In the acute form of ear canal inflammation, it is important to thoroughly clean the ear canal (by the (knot) doctor) without damaging the skin (so-called “ear toilet”). As long as this is not done, any treatment will be less effective. The best way to do this is under the sight of an ear microscope by suctioning with a small vacuum cleaner. If the crusts cannot be removed properly, it may be necessary to first drip.

Since the ear canal with the acute inflammation is sometimes narrowed, dripping afterwards – by the patient himself – will not be sufficient. After all, the ear drop does not reach the location of the inflammation sufficiently. For this reason, after cleaning, a tampon (gauze strip) is often inserted deep into the ear canal with an acid ear drop or an anti-inflammatory and antibiotic.

It may be necessary to clean the ear canal several times a week and re-insert a clean tampon. If the ear canal has become sufficiently spacious, you can proceed to drip without tampon.

The administration of acid ear drops can cause a burning sensation. Ear drops are often prescribed that contain a corticosteroid, whether or not in combination with one or more types of antibiotics.

Chronic and dry ear canal inflammation

In the chronic form of ear canal inflammation based on eczema and in the dry form of ear canal inflammation, a corticosteroid-containing ear drop often helps enough. The treatment approach is otherwise the same as in the acute form: ear toilet and the use of ear drops, the choice of which is partly determined by the outcome of the culture test.

Fungal infection ear canal

A fungal infection is treated by means of a thorough ear toilet followed by the use of acid ear drops or an antifungal medicine, which can be administered locally via an ear drop or via a tablet or drink. A corticosteroid-containing ear drop should be avoided. In persistent cases, an anti-fungal cream is applied to a tampon.

Pain relief

If the pain is in the foreground, pain relief will be added to the local treatment. In most cases, drugs with analgesic and antipyretic effects are sufficient, which also have an anti-inflammatory effect (so-called NSAIDs).


Rarely is an antibiotic cure required. If, in the opinion of the (ENT) doctor, this is necessary, it will preferably be given after taking a culture. If the crop is not cultivated – or an antibiotic is already started before the results of the culture is known – a broad-acting antibiotic is preferable due to the fact that the inflammation is often caused by several bacteria at the same time.


Rarely is surgery required for ear canal inflammation. The cause of a recurring or poorly curable ear canal inflammation can be a narrow entrance to the ear canal. In that case an ear canal operation (meatus plastic) can be chosen, whereby cartilage is removed from the outer part of the ear canal. This procedure can be performed under local anesthesia. In some cases, the bony part of the ear canal also needs to be widened. Usually it is general anesthesianecessary.

Special forms of ear canal inflammation


A boil can also develop in the ear canal. The boil is caused by the occlusion of a sebaceous gland in the outer third of the ear canal. This causes a local thickening in the ear canal, accompanied by severe pain and sometimes with fever.

The boil causes extreme pain until it is opened (drainage). This drainage can occur spontaneously, but often help is sought sooner and the boil will have to be relieved. In many cases, ear drops and an antibiotic cure will also be given to become.

Necrotizing otitis externa (malignant otitis externa)

In patients with greatly reduced resistance and / or diabetes patients, ear canal inflammation can spread in the surrounding bone tissue. This is then referred to as a necrotizing external otitis. Severe earache, fever and being sick occur.

A necrotizing otitis externa requires treatment with frequent ear toilets, tamponing, antibiotics and possibly optimal regulation of (possible) diabetes. This is a specialized treatment that usually has to take place in the hospital with an intravenous antibiotic and one ear surgery.

Ear drops

The ear drops for an ear canal are often the same as the ear drops that are given for a carpal caused by a middle ear infection and a hole in the eardrum. Many objections described on the information page about  ear drops  do not apply here, as long as the eardrum is intact.

When using ear drops, a patient should realize that a contact allergy may occur or already exists. The complaints here are the same as those due to external otitis. Because of this it may happen that people think that they treat otitis externa, while the disease is maintained precisely by these drops.

For the commonly used substance neomycin, about 2% of the population has a contact allergy. If this medicine is used more often, such as in the “swimmers’ ear”, this percentage rises to 15%!

For yet another component of a certain ear drop (propylene glycol), the percentage even rises to 50% after frequent use. This substance is also found in many so-called ear wax dissolvers, which are advertised as “cleaner” of the ear canal. Be very cautious about using these resources.

If the ear canal inflammation does not respond well to treatment with ear drops within one week, there may be an allergic reaction to the ear drops or earwax remover. Then contact your ENT doctor. You must also contact us if you develop a fever or if you become ill feels.

Prevention and advice

In addition to the treatments described above, the prevention of inflammation is of great importance. For optimum prevention of ear canal inflammation, also read the information leaflet about  earwax .

The recommendations are summarized here:

  • the ear canal generally cleans itself;
  • avoids fiddling in the ears;
  • only remove visible earwax;
  • do not use matches or hairpins to clean the ear canal;
  • after swimming or showering, drain the water from the ear canal by tilting the head and shaking;
  • careful drying out with a tissue or hair dryer (see  earwax ) is also allowed;
  • if the inflammation always develops after swimming, you can now use a cotton ball with Vaseline, a swimming cap or ear plugs to protect the ear canal;
  • avoid (cosmetics) products if you notice that they irritate the skin;
  • If you often have ear canal complaints when using a hearing aid , have the hearing care professional check if the earpiece fits properly and make an appointment with your ENT specialist to assess your ear.

Final word

It is not possible to describe all details of an ear canal infection on this information page.
It may be that despite the explanation of your ENT specialist you still have questions or you want more information. Do not hesitate to contact your ENT doctor and ask for further explanation.
That request will gladly be met.

The post Ear canal inflammation – Swimmer's Ear (Otitis Externa): Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment appeared first on Argentina News.

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Special forms of depression – Everything about it

What is depression?

Everyone sometimes feels gloomy or depressed. For example if you are faced with setbacks or disappointments. These kinds of gloomy feelings (‘depressive symptoms’) disappear automatically and are not a cause for concern. But when a gloomy mood no longer disappears and disrupts your daily functioning, you suffer from depression. Some people are ashamed of their depression or feel guilty about it. That’s not necessary. A depression happens to many people.  

Special forms of depression 

Depressions can vary in severity: from light to heavy. In addition, there are three special types of depression. 

  • Seasonal depression

    People with a winter depression get depressed every fall and recover completely every spring. If you experience this for at least two years in a row, you have a winter depression. 
    But there are also people with severe spring fatigue and gloominess or a summer depression. People with summer depression often suffer from light and mood complaints, feelings of emptiness, stress, insomnia, lack of appetite and tiredness. 

  • Postnatal depression

    Postpartum depression may occur after delivery (also known as postpartum depression). The woman who recently gave birth feels extremely irritable, depressed, anxiously tired and sad. Such a depression starts within a few weeks or months after the birth. 

  • Dysthymia (also called dysthyme disorder) 

    With dysthymia there are depressive symptoms that are usually not too serious, but persistent. In the case of dysthymia, prolonged gloom causes at least two years. Dysthymia often causes more severe symptoms in the elderly than in the young. 

Symptoms of depression 

Depression can cause all kinds of complaints. A depression can disrupt your normal life considerably. Both at home, at work and in your free time. You usually have several complaints that last for a longer period of time. 

  • With depression you have at least 1 of these symptoms: 
    • You feel gloomy and listless (almost) all day long. 
    • You are not or hardly interested in things that you would otherwise like. 
  • In addition, you can also suffer from: 
    • Concentration problems, for example when reading or watching TV. 
    • Indecision: making decisions takes more effort, even in very small cases. 
    • Being slow and tired or being restless and irritable. 
    • Feelings of guilt, or feelings of being superfluous and useless. 
    • Sleep problems: poor sleep or a lot of sleep. 
    • Disturbed appetite: you don’t feel like eating (and lose weight) or you eat extra (and arrive). 
    • Meekness: you experience life as too heavy and can sometimes long for death. 

Causes of depression 

It is usually difficult to find a clear cause of depression. Depression is often caused by a combination of factors. 

  • Biological factors: 
    • Heredity plays an important role in depression. In some families, people are more sensitive to depression than in others.  
    • Certain substances in the blood and nervous system (neurotransmitters) can play a role in depression.  
    • Medication, alcohol, drugs and hormones can increase the chance of depression.
  • Social factors: shocking or radical experiences and intense emotional events can lead to depression. For example: loss through divorce or death, a difficult childhood or a violent incident. 
  • Psychological factors: (acquired from an early age) traits can make someone more or less susceptible to depression.  
  • Chronic disease: people with a chronic disease such as rheumatism, diabetes mellitus or COPD have an increased risk of depression. 

Prevent Depression  

A depression cannot always be prevented. But with these tips you can reduce the risk of depression.   

  • Eat healthily with lots of fresh vegetables, fruits, fish, whole-grain products, nuts, olive oil. 
  • Ensure adequate exercise, at least half an hour a day. 
  • Ensure that there is sufficient outside air and sunlight: go outside every day. 
  • Invest in social contacts. Touch is also important! 
  • If you notice the first signs of depression, contact a specialist healthcare professional. He can offer you the right treatment. 

Treat Depression

There are various ways to treat depression.  

  • Talking to healthcare providers and / or loved ones 

    If you are depressed, you may start thinking negatively about yourself. Disappointment, sadness and anger can strengthen your negative feeling. It often helps to talk about your feelings with family or friends. They will probably understand you and want to support you. You can also go to a specialized healthcare professional. They can determine whether you suffer from depression and can offer you the right treatment. 

Depression tip

Exercise is very important. Walking or exercising half an hour three times a week can help to reduce feelings of depression.

  • Set achievable goals 

    It is important that you keep your goals in mind. Try not to set too high demands on yourself, for example that you have to recover quickly or normally be able to do your work. In the beginning you can best focus on simple, everyday, practical activities. It takes time to process depressive emotions. It is important that you allow yourself that time. 

  • Maintain regularity

    Regularity helps. It is best if you go to sleep at set, normal times and get up again, and eat at set times. 

  • Avoid alcohol and drugs

    Depression and substance abuse often occur in combination with each other. That is why it is wise not to use alcohol and drugs. 

  • To seek distraction 

    Distraction helps. It is good to go out and get out into the open. Try to find activities that you find fun or relaxing. 

  • Exercise and sports 

    Exercise is very important, even with depression. Walking, cycling, running or exercising half an hour three times a week can help you feel less depressed. You also feel fitter and sleep better if you exercise regularly. In particular, choose a form of movement that you like. 

  • To work 

    If it works, then try to keep working – even if, for example, it is only two half-days per week. Discuss the options with the company doctor if necessary. 

Which medicines can you use for depression? 

There are a number of medications that can be prescribed for depression. This varies per situation. Drugs that can be prescribed for depression include SSRIs (Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) and TCAs (Tricyclic antidepressants) .  

The post Special forms of depression – Everything about it appeared first on Argentina News.

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Tango Dance – Types, History, Styles and Techniques – Dance Facts

Tango History and Popularity

Early tango styles greatly influenced the ways in which we dance today, and tango music has become one of the greatest of all music genres throughout the world. Spanish settlers were the first to introduce the tango to the New World. Ballroom tango originated in working-class Buenos Aires and the dance spread quickly through Europe during the 1900’s, then moved on to the United States. In 1910, tango began gaining popularity in New York.

Tango has become very popular in recent years, as evidenced by the various movies developed around the dance. Several films showcase the tango, such as Scent of a WomanTake the Lead, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, True Lies, Shall We Dance, and Frida.

Tango Music

Argentine tango shares working class origins with American jazz that quickly attracted the interest of classical composers and folk composers who elevated their art. For most Americans, Astor Piazzolla best exemplifies this duality.

Piazzolla’s tango innovations were at first derided by tango purists who hated the way Piazzolla incorporated non-tango musical elements in his compositions. This is a battle that the jazz police and jazz fusion listeners are still waging in the U.S, however, Piazzolla eventually won out. His tangos have been recorded by the Kronos Quartet, who were early advocates, and some of the world’s great orchestras.

Tango Styles and Techniques

Tango is danced to a repetitive style of music, with the count of the music being either 16 or 32 beats. While dancing the tango, the woman is typically held in the crook of the man’s arm. She holds her head back and rests her right hand on the man’s lower hip, and the man must allow the woman to rest in this position while leading her around the floor in a curving pattern. Tango dancers must strive to make a strong connection with the music as well as their audience in order for it to be successful.

Argentine Tango is much more intimate than Modern Tango and is well-suited to dancing in small settings. Argentine Tango also retains the intimacy of the original dance. Several other different styles of tango exist, each with its own individual flair. Most of the styles danced include open embrace, with the couple having space between their bodies, or in a close embrace, where the couple is closely connected at either the chest or the hip area. Many people are familiar with “ballroom tango,” characterized by strong, dramatic head snaps.

Learning How to Tango

The best way to learn how to tango is to look for a class in dance studios in the area. Tango classes are a lot of fun and newcomers tend to pick up the dance quickly.

To learn at home, several videos are available for purchase online. When learning by video, it is recommended to try to take at least a few classes when feeling confident enough, as nothing can take the place of live, hands-on instruction.

Tango Types/Styles

Since tango is highly improvisational, personal and impulsive, it is not strange that it has managed to quickly evolve from its traditional form into dozens of styles that are today practiced all around the world. Musical historians have become aware that tango is one of the most “reactive” dances in the world, being able to be significantly reshaped by various factors, even things such as changes in simple cultural elements (including from big effects such as government regulations to even smaller things such as changes in clothing fashion styles, venue sizes, music, crowding, and more).

Style of tango is also distinguished in the way the dancers are supporting their center of gravity. In Argentine and Uruguayan tango, dancers first move their chests, and then their feet reach to support them. Ballroom dancing, however, uses a different style,where feet move first, and then the center body mass moves . Other styles involve differences in step movements, timings, speed, the character of movement and following of the rhythm.

The embrace of the dancers (called “frame”) which can be tight, loose, in “V” shape or others, can also change from style to style, and even change several times during a single dance routine. Different tango types also use different styles of leg positioning, such as being intertwined and hooked together between dancers or being kept away one from another. Placement of the foot on the floor can also change between tango types, with some requiring landing the foot flatly on the ground, and others for toes to touch the ground first. Finally, the amount of time the dancers stay on the ground can vary, with some tango routines requiring the dancers to keep feet in the air for the prolonged period of time, such as with moves “boleo” (swinging leg into the air) and “gancho” (hooking a leg around a partner).

Here are brief descriptions of some of the most popular types of Tango dances:

  • Ballroom tango – The most famous international version of tango, that originated from Europe and managed to become famously simplified tango style that is used in competitions. The American version of this dance is used only as an ordinary social dance.
  • Salon tango (Tango de salon) – Not a specific tango style per se, but a tango that was first played in dance halls of Buenos Aires during the Golden Age of Tango (1935-1952).
  • Argentine tango (Tango canyengue) – One of the original types of tango that contains all the fundamental elements of the 19th-century traditional Argentine tango styles.
  • Tango nuevo (Nuevo tango) – Developed in the 1980s, this new tango style is distinguished by complex moves, and the mix of jazz, electronic, alternative or techno-tinged inspired elements. Many see Tango nuevo as a mix of tango music and electronica.
  • Finnish tango – Rise of the popularity of tango in Finland in after First World War brought the development of new tango style that promotes contact dance, horizontal movements and low standing stance that features no kicking or aerials.
  • Uruguayan tango – Very old type of tango, developed at the same time as earliest Buenos Aires tango styles. Today, Uruguayan tango consists of several sub-styles and can be danced with several types of music (Tango, Milonga, Vals, and Candombe).
  • Tango apilado – Close embrace tango which is best danced on a crowded dance floor.
  • Show tango – Argentinian version of the theatrical tango that is danced on a stage.

All tango styles are practiced using one of the two types of embraces between lead and follow dances:

  • Open embrace – Lead and follow are dancing with open space between their bodies
  • Close embrace – Practiced either with chest-to-chest embrace (used in traditional Argentine tango) or more loose upper thigh, hip area (common in international and American tango)

Tango dance can also be performed with several types of background music, including:

  • Traditional tango music style
  • Alternative tango music, which is inspired by tango styles
  • Electronic tango-inspired music

Tango Music

Tango music developed at the same time as the tango dance. It was originally played by the European immigrant populations of Argentina, and it continues to be played today all across the world. It’s defining characteristics are 2/4 or 4/4 beat and the focus on traditional instruments such as solo guitar, two guitars, or an ensemble (orquesta típica) that is made out of minimum of two violins, piano, flute, double bass and minimum of two Bandoneon (which are a type of concertina accordion that are especially popular in Argentina, Uruguay, and Lithuania, also known as “tango accordion”). Originally developed by a German instrument dealer Heinrich Band (1821–1860), this instrument was originally brought to the Argentina by German and Italian emigrants and sailors in late 19th century.

 Passionate and emotional structure of tango dance is also emulated in its music

At first, tango music was closely associated with the underclass, same as the tango dance, but this style of music quickly reached mainstream in Argentina and Uruguay , fueled by the expansion of the dance and arrival of new composers that captured the attention of the general population. The early expansion of tango music was helped a lot by the arrival of tango song La cumparsita” which was composed in 1916 in the Uruguay.

To this day, Tango music is an important part of the music of Argentina . Tango remains the most internationally known traditional music of this country, but its population also enjoys genres such as folk, pop, rock, classical music, electronic, Cumbia, Cuarteto, Fanfarria Latina, art music and “nueva canción” (folk-inspired music with socially-themed lyrics).

Tango Clothing

The tango dance routines are intimate, passionate and elegant, which has pushed the dancers to dress appropriately. Tango dancers purposelyaim to look their best, while alsopicking outfits that don’t restrict their movement. During the early decades of tango’s popularity, it was customary for women to wear long dresses. This fashion choice remained popular in tango community, although the arrival of shorter dresses and dresses with openings have given female dances freedom to pick their favorite fashion style. Modern tango dresses are very sensual – short, have asymmetrical hemlines, are adorned with intricate fringes and crochet decorations, and show cleavage. They can be made both from traditional and modern (lycra and stretch fabric) materials. As for footwear, women should almost exclusively use high heel tango dance shoes.

Men’s tango fashion is much more traditional, with straight-cut trousers, shirt, and a part of good dancing shoes. Many of the dancers also frequently wear accessories such asvests, hats, and suspenders.

North American Tango

Tango was well-received in the United States where a brand new style of this dance was also developed. Named as “North American Tango”, this type of dance features faster tempos and uses 2/4 or 4/4 rhythms such as one-step. Usually, it is not even danced to the tunes of traditional tango music and can be enjoyed with other popular music styles. Today, traditional tango and North American tango are both well established and can be danced separately with their own firm dancing rules.

Uruguayan Tango

After the rise of tango popularity in the 1880s, Uruguay became one of the oldest places where tango was adopted and danced in public . Originally morphed in Montevideo from the influences of Buenos Aires Tango and various black music and dance styles, it eventually moved from the dance halls of slaves, ex-slaves, lower classes, working classes and even gangsters to the dance and theatre halls of Montevideo and other Uruguayan cities.

Today, Uruguayan tango dance is accompanied not only by tango music, but also styles such as Milonga, Vals and Candombe, and most popular tango dances are Al Mundo le falta un Tornillo, La Cumparsita, Vieja Viola, Garufa, Con Permiso, La Fulana, Barrio Reo, Pato and La puñalada.

One of the most famous and well known Uruguayan tango songs is “ La Cumparsita”, which was produced in 1919 by Montevideo composer and writer Gerardo Matos Rodríguez. Other famous Uruguayan tango musicians are Manuel Campoamor, Francisco Canaro, Horacio Ferrer, Malena Muyala, Gerardo Matos Rodríguez, Enrique Saborido, Carlos Gardel and others.

Finnish Tango

Tango arrived in Finland in 1913 by traveling musicians , where it immediately found great popularity that enabled it to not only stay but morph into a brand new form of Finish tango that has several differences from traditional Argentine or Ballroom tango styles. The defining characteristic of Finnish tango is reliance on minor keys, which closely follows the style and conventions of their folklore music, with lyrics being focused on the themes of sorrow, love, nature, and countryside.

The origin of this tango craze can be traced to the first local tango song that was produced in 1914 by Emil Kauppi, and first, finish tango tunes in the 1920s and 1930s. While initially Tango was danced mostly in Helsinki, it eventually became popular across the entire country, with several festivals being formed to celebrate the dance. Even today, over 100 thousand tango dancers visit Finish tango festivals, the most notably Tangomarkkinat festival in the town of Seinäjoki.


Since its popularization, tango has managed to become a phenomenon that has influenced many spheres of life across the world, including sports (synchronized swimming, figure skating, gymnastics), festivals, healthy living, film, music, and more. Many people were responsible for raising awareness of this music and dance, including:

  • Composer and virtuoso of the bandoneón Ástor Piazzolla (1921-1992) who rearranged traditional tango with influences of jazz and classical music into a new style called “ nuevo tango.”
  • Carlos Gardel (1890-1935) – French-Argentine singer, composer, songwriter and actor, today regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of rango. His work became immortalized after he died in the plane crash at the age of 44.
  • Carlos Acuña (1915-1999) – Famous tango singer known for his incredible voice.
  • Néstor Fabián (1938- ) – Famous tango singer and actor in Argentina, best known for his songs and musical comedies.
  • Julio Sosa (1926-1964) – Regarded today as one of the most important tango singers from 1950s and 1960s Uruguay.
  • Olavi Virta (1915-1972) – Famous Finish singer known for over 600 tango songs. He is known as the “king of Finish tango”.
  • And many others


The post Tango Dance – Types, History, Styles and Techniques – Dance Facts appeared first on Argentina News.

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How Much Does A Cord Of Wood Weigh

The only legal unit measurement of firewood is the CORD.

CORD is defined as:

” a loosely stacked pile of split firewood
measuring 4 ft. wide x 4 ft. high x 8 ft. long.”

Firewood Cord
The total volume of a CORD is equal to 128 cubic feet.

There is no legal standard for the “Face Cord”
but it should be @ 45 cubic feet = 1/3 cord.

Beware of sellers offering “Face Cord” or (4 x 8) quantities !!
“Face Cords” should be multiplied (x3) to determine true full cord pricing !!

A cord of wood weighs over 4,000 lbs. and does not fit in a pickup truck– 

An average seasoned cord of hardwood weighs more than 2 tons!! Unstacked it will take up to 200 cubic feet in space. An 8 ft. pick up truck would have to pile the wood uniformly at 5 feet tall to fit an ustacked cord. The average pick up truck can only haul 1/2 a cord of firewood at a time.

Seasoned firewood should have less than 30% moisture content – 

When wood is fresh cut it contains a lot of water. By properly splitting, stacking and storing wood the will become seasoned once the water is evaporated by the sun and wind. When the wood reaches a moisture content (MC) of less than 30% it will burn properly and release the optimum stored BTU’s (heat). Wood with more than a 30% MC should not be burned indoors!! It is very inefficient and produces dangerous acid water vapor (Creosote) in your chimney.

Now back to the trailer issue…

What does a cord of wood weigh, both dry wood as well as fresh cut green wood?

Check out the below Wood Heating and Weight Values chart to find out what various types of wood weigh when gathered as a cord.

Wood Heating and Weight Values
SpeciesCord Weight(pounds) **DRYCord Weight(pounds) **GREEN
Alder, Red2000 – 26003200 – 4100
Ash2680 – 34504630 – 5460
Aspen1860 – 24003020 – 3880
Beech3100 – 40004890 – 6290
Birch2840 – 36504630 – 5960
Cedar, Incense1800 – 23503020 – 3880
Cedar, Port Orford2100 – 27003400 – 4370
Cherry2450 – 31504100 – 5275
Chinquapin2580 – 34503670 – 4720
Cottonwood1730 – 22252700 – 3475
Dogwood3130 – 40255070 – 6520
Douglas-Fir2400 – 30753930 – 5050
Elm2450 – 31504070 – 5170
Eucalyptus3550 – 45606470 – 7320
Fir, Grand1800 – 23303020 – 3880
Fir, Red1860 – 24003140 – 4040
Fir, White1900 – 24503190 – 4100
Hemlock, Western2200 – 28304460 – 5730
Juniper, Western2400 – 30504225 – 5410
Laurel, California2690 – 34504460 – 5730
Locust, Black3230 – 41506030 – 7750
Madrone3180 – 40865070 – 6520
Magnolia2440 – 31404020 – 5170
Maple, Big Leaf2350 – 30003840 – 4940
Oak, Black2821 – 36254450 – 5725
Oak, Live3766 – 48406120 – 7870
Oak, White2880 – 37104890 – 6290
Pine, Jeffery1960 – 25203320 – 4270
Pine, Lodgepole2000 – 25803320 – 4270
Pine, Ponderosa1960 – 25203370 – 4270
Pine, Sugar1960 – 22702970 – 3820
Redwood, Coast1810 – 23303140 – 4040
Spruce, Sitka1960 – 25203190 – 4100
Sweetgum (Liquidambar)2255 – 29004545 – 5840
Sycamore2390 – 30804020 – 5170
Tanoak2845 – 36504770 – 6070
Walnut, Black2680 – 34504450 – 5725
Western Red Cedar1570 – 20002700 – 3475
Willow, Black1910 – 24503140 – 4040
** Weights:

  • Lower value of range assumes 70 cubic feet of wood per cord.
  • Higher value of range assumes 90 cubic feet of wood per cord.
  • Dry weight at 12 percent moisture content.
  • Green weight at 40 to 60 percent moisture content.

All moisture contents based on “wet” wood basis.

Factors That Can Affect The Weight Of The Cord

The weight of the cord can vary depending on what tree is used and whether or not the wood is green or dried. A cord of green wood actually weighs two times more than one that is made up of dried wood because green wood have a very high moisture content.

A cord that is made up of round logs also weighs less than a cord that is made up of split pieces. When it comes to the species of wood used, you need to know that hardwood trees are much heavier than other trees. For the commonly used oak tree, you need to know that red oak can be heavier than white oak.

This is because hardwood trees has more density than softwood trees such as pine. You should also know that the longer the wood has been kept outside, the lighter they will be. Letting the wood air dry on a raised platform is called seasoning the wood and it can help make them lighter and burn better.

How Much Does A Cord Of Wood Weigh?

For a full cord made up of bur oak, freshly cut ones will weigh as much as 4960 lbs. and 3768 lbs. when dried. For a full cord of red or pink oak, freshly cut ones will weigh as much as 4888 lbs. and 3528 lbs. when dried. White oak on the other hand weighs 5573 lbs. when wet and 4200 lbs. when dried.

If your firewood cord is made up of other trees, then you should know that a cord of freshly cut apple wood weighs 4850 pounds, green ash can weigh as much as 4184 pounds, yellow birch can weigh 4312 pounds and willow can weigh as much as 4320 pounds. These are all green weights.

So you can easily get an estimate of how much a face cord would weigh, you will have to divide the weight of a full cord of a specific type of wood by three. So you will know how much the weight of a specific type of dried wood will weigh, you need to deduct around 70% of its green weight.

You can look online for more information about the cord weight of different kinds of trees. There are prepared tables that will help you gather data, and you can also use online calculators that will help you determine how much several cords of a specific type of wood weighs in a matter of seconds.

How Do You Measure Firewood?

This is something that if you plan on using firewood, you should learn. The correct terms for how you measure firewood is in cords, so one or two cords of wood, but there is also a face cord which is measured differently. With a normal cord of wood it is 4 feet high, 8 feet wide, and 4 feet deep which will be 128 cubic feet. Usually this is stacked in what is called a rick of wood, which is 4 x 4 x 8 feet. So if you hear people referring to a rick of wood, that is what it means.

Then you have the other measurement which is called a face cord. A fact cord of wood is a single stack that is 4 feet high and 8 feet wide, and roughly between 12 to 18 inches deep. So as you can tell it is stacked very differently compared to the normal cord of wood, making it generally weigh a lot less. So these are the two units of measurement that you need to keep in mind, when measuring wood.

How Much Does A Cord Of Wood Weigh?

This is one of the more difficult questions to answer since there is never an exact weight with many factors, that need to be added in. For example something like a Basswood (linden) will roughly be about 1990 lbs when dry in a cord, but if it is still green it can weigh up to 4410 lbs. So while you can’t get an exact number, you can get a bit of an idea which will help in your decision making. This is definitely frustrating since I can’t just tell you a number, so if you’re planning to move a cord of wood in your pick up. I would highly recommend doing it in multiple trips.

While I can’t give you an exact number I do have estimations which are as close to an average on some of the more popular firewood in the USA. Which I hope will be able to help you in your search, but if I haven’t listed one that you use. Feel free to leave a comment and I might be able to help or point you in the direction of someone who does.

How Much Does A Cord Of Oak Wood Weigh?

Oak is one of the most common types of wood in the world, and not just the USA. This is for good reason, it is a very versatile wood that burns well and not to difficult to split. It also has quite a nice smell when it burns, if that is important to you. There are four types that most people will use which are Bur, Red, Pin, and White oak.

The Estimations For Oak Wood

  • Bur Oak – When it is still green it roughly weighs around 4970 lbs, which will definitely mean several trips in your pick up. When it is dry it roughly weighs around 3770 lbs, which again means several trips which you will notice is a common theme with this.
  • Red And Pin Oak – If you’re wondering why this are together, it is because they belong in the same group. They’re actually the lightest out of the oaks on this list coming in at 4890lbs when green. Then when it has been dried out properly, it roughly weighs about 3530lbs. So yet again the poor pick up will be making more trips.
  • White Oak – White oak is easily the heaviest of the oaks, weighing roughly 500lbs more then the Bur oak. It weighs roughly about 5580lbs when it is green, which will make short work out of what you’re trying to carry it with. Even when it is dry it still will weigh over 4000lbs, being roughly around 4210lbs.

My Thoughts On Oak

While I really like oak in generally, and is a wood I commonly use in my own home. It can be a pain when it comes to transporting a lot of it, especially when my pick up will only allow me to carry roughly 2000lbs which is on the higher side then most peoples. But apart from the weight, oak is a great type of wood to use and highly recommend.

How Much Does A Cord Of Pine Wood Weigh?

While I personally not a big fan of using Pine wood to burn, since it is a softwood which doesn’t burn as well as a hardwood like the Oaks above. It is still a common type of wood that is used for burning in the USA, so I had to include it on this list to help as many people as possible. There are three types of pine that I have been asked about the most, and they are. Eastern White, Jack, and Ponderosa which all weigh about the same when dry which surprised me.

The Estimations For Pine Wood

  • Eastern White Pine – The Eastern White Pine is the baby of the group, if you can call over 2000lbs a baby! When it is green it roughly weighs around 2790lbs which is the lightest on this entire list. When it’s dry it sheds roughly 500lbs, weighing around 2255lbs overall. Thankfully this will cut how many trips you will have to do!
  • Jack Pine – We are back over the 3000lbs mark with this wood, with it being around 3205lbs from my estimations. It does shed a fair bit of weight when it has been dried out fully, coming close to the 2493lb mark.
  • Ponderosa Pine – The thing with Ponderosa Pine is that it holds more water then most Pine wood. So it weighs more then the others when wet, but when dry it is slightly lighter then the Jack. Being roughly around 3610 lbs when green, and 2340lbs when dry. This is a big surprise to me, but does make life a little easier when it comes to transporting dry.

My Thoughts On Pine

As I stated Pine isn’t for me, but I understand why people use it. It is a very common wood, that is lighter then other woods. Which also makes it easier to split, but it doesn’t burn as well. It can be cheaper as well because of it being a softwood, so if you’re on a budget and can’t cut it yourself. I can get why people need to use pine.

How Much Do The More Common Woods Weigh In A Cord?

While I could list quiet a few more types of wood, I feel focusing on the more common will allow me to help more people, without being completely overwhelming. This may sound strange to some, but I have met many beginner who have said to much info is overwhelming. I like to try and keep as many people in mind as possible.

So on this list I will go over the more common types such as Maple, Cherry, Birch, Elm, Hickory, and Douglas Fir. While the first few are a bit more understandable, the Douglas Fir will catch your eye if you know a thing of too about wood. It’s a lot like pine as in it’s a softwood so it doesn’t burn as well as the others. But it still is quite a popular wood to use, so i wanted to include it on the list.

The Estimations For The More Common Types Of Wood

  • Silver Maple – Silver Maple is a very good wood especially when it comes to burning, it has a low amount of smoke, but decent heat. But in terms of weight it isn’t to bad really, roughly weighing about 3910 lbs when green. It also holds a lot of water when it’s green and drops quite a bit when dried, coming in close to 2760lbs.
  • Other Maple – I made Silver separately since it is a bit different to other maples, while the others are quite similar so they’re together. When they are green they weigh an impressive 4690lbs, and when dried out it is closer to 3685lbs.
  • Black Cherry – Blach Cherry trees are great for there coals when burning making them quite popular as well. When it comes to it’s unseasoned weight, it roughly comes in at 3700lbs. After you dry it, it loses roughly 700lbs coming in at 2930lbs.
  • Paper Birch – Paper Birch is the more popular type of Birch tree for people to burn, because it has some decent heat, and smells quite nice. But in terms of weight it’s pretty heavy, weighing 4315lbs when green. Then after it has been seasoned properly it comes in around the 3000lbs mark.
  • Red Elm – While people burn American, and Siberian Elm. I believe the Red is more common and the better wood to burn if you are choosing an Elm. It’s pretty heavy wood when green, which is about 4805lbs. Then drops well over 1500lbs when you dry it out, coming in at 3120lbs.
  • Bitternut Hickory – Hickory is a heavy hardwood, which makes it difficult to split, but makes it excellent to burn. With the Bitternut coming in at 5040lbs when green, and roughly 3840lbs when dry.
  • Shagbark Hickory – The Shagbark Hickory is just slightly heavier then its Bitternut counterpart, coming in roughly at 5110lbs when green. After you have dried it out it comes down quite a bit as well, being closer to 3957lbs.
  • Douglas Fir – As I said before Douglas Fir is a softwood, so it’s not the best for burning. Which you will notice it is similar to the Pines in weight. With a green cord of Douglas Fir being around 3324lbs, and after drying out being 2975lbs.

Additional Tips For Drying Firewood

Splitting the wood after you cut it will expose the interior of the wood to the wind and sun allowing it to dry faster.  Generally, the smaller you split the wood the faster it will season.

However, splitting the wood too small will cause it to burn faster in your wood stove which makes achieving an overnight burn difficult with a bunch of small chunks of firewood.

I like to leave a few larger pieces of wood that are split once in half that I can use to put on the fire at night.  These pieces burn slower, allowing plenty of coals in the firebox the next morning to easily start the fire.

Stack the wood on pallets, blocks or 2×4’s and avoid stacking your firewood directly on the ground.  This allows air to circulate under the wood and prevents ground moisture and insects from penetrating your stack of firewood.

Choose a location that receives plenty of summer sun which will speed up the drying process.  Avoid dark, shady areas close to your home which could promote mold growth on your firewood.

A covered firewood shed is a great place to store firewood but if you don’t have access to a shed, cover your firewood with a tarp to prevent rain and snow from penetrating the wood.

When using a tarp it’s important to only cover the top 1/3 of the firewood stack.  This allows the tarp to protect the firewood from rain and snow, but also allows the wind to penetrate the wood to dry it out reducing the firewood weight.

Firewood Weight – Overall

Seasoned firewood lights easier, burns hotter and produces less creosote than wet or green firewood.

For best results, plan ahead.  Cut your firewood early and let the sun and wind dry out the wood before you attempt to burn it.  Trust me……burning seasoned firewood makes heating with wood a lot more enjoyable.

The post How Much Does A Cord Of Wood Weigh appeared first on Argentina News.

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¿Qué es?

La Aloysia Citriodora o también conocida como hierba Luisa, cedrón, verbena de Indias o cidrón. Es una planta perteneciente a la familia de la Verbenaceae, originaria específicamente de Sudamérica.

Por otro lado, entre las características que posee esta hierba que nos permitirán reconocerla, tenemos las siguientes:

    • Es una planta cuya altura varía entre los 0.5 hasta los 2 metros.
    • Las hojas de la planta son perennes de un color verde. Las cuales pueden llegar a tener una longitud que varía entre 20cm y 100cm y 1,5 cm de anchura
  • Puede adaptarse a una gran variedad de suelos y ambiente. Sin embargo, es en suelos francos arenosos y bien drenados donde la planta puede tener un mejor desarrollo.

Hierba luisa, propiedades medicinales

La Maríaluisa o Cedrón es una planta medicinal nos puede ayudar a mantener la salud o mejorarla en diferentes casos, debido a que posee acción:

  • Antibacteriana
  • Digestiva
  • Antioxidante
  • Hepatoprotectora
  • Antitusiva
  • Fungicida
  • Antiinflamatoria
  • Carminativa
  • Antihistamínica
  • Expectorante
  • Antitumoral
  • Relajante
  • Antiespasmódica
  • Antiasmática


Beneficios y usos en remedios caseros de la hierbaluisa

Hierba luisa para ardor de estómago o agruras. Muchas personas sufren de ardores de estómago o agruras y la infusión de Maríaluisa puede ser un remedio natural para estos casos. Además tiene un sabor y aroma agradable y se toma fácilmente.

Hierbaluisa para el insomnio. Esta planta medicinal tiene un efecto relajante suave que nos puede ayudar a relajarnos al final del día, eliminar el estrés y poder dormir mejor por la noche, especialmente si nos cuesta dormir o tenemos insomnio. Se usa en infusión.

Hierba luisa para retrasar el envejecimiento. La acción antioxidante de la Maríaluisa combate la acción de los radicales libres, previniendo posibles daños celulares y retrasando el envejecimiento.

Hierbaluisa como expectorante. Otro uso tradicional del Cedrón muy común es para expulsar la mucosidad acumulada en las vías respiratorias y poder evitar infecciones del aparato respiratorio. Se utiliza en gripes, resfriados, bronquitis, etc.

Hierba luisa para la digestión. El cedrón es una planta que mejora los procesos digestivos. Si sueles tener digestiones lentas o pesadas, la hierba luisa puede ser muy útil para mejorar la digestión de los alimentos. Toma una infusión de hierba luisa después de la comida para aprovechar sus propiedades digestivas.

Hierbaluisa para la tos. Si tienes la garganta irritada, inflamada, con infección o con tos, hacer gárgaras con la infusión de Cedrón es una remedio natural muy efectivo para mejorar estas condiciones. Esto es debido a la acción antiinflamatoria, relajante, antitusiva y antibacteriana de la hierba luisa.

Hierba luisa para el hígado. Hay plantas medicinales que cuidan del hígado y el cedrón es un buen ejemplo. La infusión de la hierbaluisa nos ayuda a que nuestro hígado se mantenga saludable y pueda llevar a cabo sus funciones correctamente.

Hierbaluisa para los gases. La Maríaluisa es muy beneficiosa para ayudarnos a expulsar los gases que se acumulan en el tracto gastrointestinal. Así evitaremos hinchazón de abdómen y otras molestias derivadas de la acumulación de gases.

Hierba luisa para picaduras de insectos. Aplicando la infusión de cedrón con gasas sobre picaduras de insectos o incluso mordeduras leves de animales podemos limpiar la zona y favorecer la curación de la herida.

La hierba luisa es una planta que aportará muchísimos beneficios a tu organismo gracias a las propiedades que posee. Por lo que, a continuación nombraremos algunos de ellos que seguramente te motivarán a empezar a consumirla.

Ardor de estomago

Para aquellas personas que sufren ardor de estómago, una infusión de hierba luisa es un remedio natural ideal. Dado que, gracias a su sabor y su aroma agradable, le permite a la persona tomarla con facilidad.


La hierba luisa es una planta perfecta para relajar el cuerpo de la persona e inducirle sueño. Además, también ayuda a disminuir el estrés y que la persona pueda descansar perfectamente.

Retrasa el envejecimiento

Gracias a las propiedad antioxidantes con las cuales cuenta la hierba luisa. Las mismas ayudan a lucha contra la potencia de los conocidos radicales libre. Lo cual ayudará a reducir el riesgo de posibles daños celulares y retrasar significativamente el envejecimiento.


Con la hierba luisa se puede realizar un potente expectorante. El cual ayudará a expulsar la mucosidad que se suele acumular en las vías respiratorias. Asimismo, también ayuda a prevenir posibles infecciones en el sistema respiratorio.


Las infusiones de hierba luisa son ideales para ayudar a las personas que padezcan problemas digestivos. Específicamente para aquellos que padezcan digestión lenta o pesada.


Las propiedades de la hierba luisa es ideal para ayudar a fomentar el bienestar del hígado. Dado que, le ayuda al hígado a funcionar de manera adecuada.


Para aquel momento en que sientes tu cuerpo lleno de gases. El consumo de la hierba luisa ayudará a expulsar todos los gases en tu organismo. Lo cual favorecerá a evitar la hinchazón y cualquier otro tipo de molestias que derivan de la acumulación de los gases.

Picaduras de insectos

Para poder curar y limpiar algunas heridas de mordeduras o picaduras de insectos. La hierba luisa es una buena opción.

Investigaciones científicas

Los estudios farmacológicos realizados en diferentes modelos experimentales han demostrado varias propiedades de la hierba luisa. Así, los diversos extractos preparados de esta planta han mostrado actividades como antioxidante, hipocolesterolémica, sedante, antiinflamatoria, hipoglicemiante, antifúngica contra Epidermophyton flocosum, Trichophyton rubrum y Candida Albicans, inhibición de Staphylococcus aureus y Escherichia coli y sobre Salmonella typhi.

Asimismo hace posible la inhibición de la formación de focos de criptas aberrantes en el estadio de iniciación y promoción en el colon de ratas, así como inhibición de la fase temprana de hepatocarcinogénesis en ratas. Además, las hojas de Cymbopogon citratus mostraron efecto inhibitorio significativo de la oxidación de LDL, pudiendo ser beneficiosos para prevenir o atenuar la aterosclerosis.

Por otra parte, el aceite esencial de la hierba luisa también ha demostrado variadas actividades biológicas como antifúngica, bactericida contra Helicobacter pylori, antibacteriana contra Listeria innocua, ansiolítico, sedativo y anticonvulsivante, y anticonvulsivante. Su mecanismo de acción, depende de la neurotransmisión GABAérgica; analgésico, larvicida, ovicida y repelente contra el mosquito de la filaria, Culex quinquefasciatus.

Asimismo, el principal constituyente del aceite esencial, el citral, mostró significativo efecto antiinflamatorio. También mostró potencial anticáncer al inducir apoptosis en varias líneas celulares de cáncer hematopoyético.
Además, claramente inhibió el crecimiento tanto de micelios como de levaduras.

En un estudio aparte de la Universidad Nacional  de Federico Villareal (UNFV) se determinó la actividad antimicrobiana del aceite esencial de “Hierba Luisa”, mediante la técnica de disco difusión contra una cepa de Staphylococcus aureus, comparando dicha actividad con la vancomicina, fármaco de primera elección para el tratamiento de infecciones causadas por dicho microorganismo. Se determinó mediante la medida del diámetro de los halos de inhibición tanto del aceite esencial como de la vancomicina. Este aceite mostró una sensibilidad límite para la cepa de Staphylococcus aureus en comparación con la vancomicina que mostró una marcada sensibilidad

Preparación de la hierba luisa

Preparar la hierba luisa es sumamente sencillo. Se usan las hojas tanto en fresco como secas para hacer una infusión. Se puede tomar cuando te sientas nerviosa o incluso después de cada comida como un té. Dos cucharaditas de hoja de hierba luisa en una taza de agua hirviendo. Dejar enfriar y colar. Si se le añada dos gotas de limón puede resultar una infusión realmente tranquilizante y reconfortante.

Al ser una planta delicada y con sabores suaves, no conviene hervirla preparándola en forma de tisana, pues puede llegar a oxidarse y tomar un sabor no tan apropiado para disfrutar de su gusto. Puedes endulzar o no, va al gusto.

Si se quiere tomar como un té digestivo, se deberá tomar la hierba luisa después de la comida, para calmar una posible irritación estomacal o cuando se sienta malestar por los gases.

Si lo que se desea es tener un aliento más fresco, puede utilizarse como un enjuague bucal cada día.

Para tratar las heridas se recomienda aplicar la infusión sobre la zona afectada o sus hojas en forma de cataplasma, envolviendolas en un pañuelo.

De igual manera, otra opción increíble es comer los brotes tiernos en ensaladas. Tienen un sabor ligero y fresco, por lo que sin duda comenzarás a notar los beneficios de una manera deliciosa y única, porque aparte de ser la mejor forma de consumirla, es la más sana y la que transporta directamente a todas sus propiedades.

Una manera más deliciosa de combinarla en mediante batidos, sustituyendo al agua. Una genial idea es: una taza de agua de hierba de luisa, la pulpa de una maracuyá, un trozo de mango y licúas hasta obtener una bebida homogénea.


El contacto de esta planta con la piel puede ocasionar reacciones alérgicas en las personas más sensibles a esta especie. No se recomienda su uso en mujeres gestantes ni en lactantes, debido a la falta de evidencia o en todo caso es mejor consultarlo con su médico antes de ingerir la hierba luisa en cualquiera de sus formas de preparación.

El exceso de ingesta, puede provocar como en todo lo que se consume demasiado, un efecto contrario al que queremos, ya que puede provocar indigestiones e incluso la deshidratación.

En altas dosis, los aceites esenciales de la planta pueden irritar el tracto urinario, por lo que no se recomienda en caso de que se sufra de nefritis, insuficiencia renal u otras afecciones.

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